Les évolutions humanitaires

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Preparée dans le cadre de la Conférence nationale humanitaire (CNH) du MAEE, Paris le 16 novembre 2011, ces diapositves et notes présente un sommaire des tendances flux financiers en faveur des crises humanitaires: comment se situe la France par rapport aux autres états en termes de volumes financiers pour l'aide humanitaire (mis en perspective avec l'aide au développement); évolutions de ces dernières années; comparaisons avec les pays membres de l'OCDE et les "nouveaux" donateurs (pays du Golfe notamment); les principaux pays récipiendaires (et comparaison avec autres états); les principaux partenaires (ONU/ONG/CR...); les évolutions de ces dernières années en termes de financements humanitaires (financement du DRR, post-crise). Prepared for France's National Humanitarian Conference, organised and hosted by the Crisis Centre at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Paris 16 November 2011, these slides and notes attempt to present a summary of the main financial trends in humanitarian financing. A technical annex has been uploaded separately.

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  • 1. Tendances (discours)Observations (discours) France (chiffres) Les volutions humanitaires Confrence Nationale Humanitaire Paris, Novembre, 2011
  • 2. Overall, humanitarian aid is rising ... International humanitarian response, 2006-2010e
  • 3. ... and more donors are participating Saudi Arabia 129 Governments outside the OECD DACD contributing to the international response in 2010 Brazil 89 in 2009 Two largest donors to Haiti Emergency Response Fund (ERF), 2010 93 in 2008 8 out of 10 71 in 2007 100 in 2005Largest government donors to the Haiti ERF were not members of the OECD DAC Some financing aspects of humanitarian ...allowing non-OECD DAC governments (as well reform are bearing fruit ... as private donors) increased visibility and opportunities to participate
  • 4. At the same time, demand is also rising ...Funding requirements for UN consolidated appeals process (CAP) appeals, 2000-2010
  • 5. ... and so are costs Supply Food and energy price index, 1990-2010 Demand (Humanitarian expenditure) (Humanitarian need) Escalating costs Escalating vulnerabilityBudgetary constraints Increased demand
  • 6. We do not know if/how levels of giving will be sustained Humanitarian aid from non-OECD DAC members can be volatile and made in response to headline disasters and/or where there is a humanitarian financing mechanism in place
  • 7. ... which types of emergencies will be funded ... UN CAP appeals: requirements by type of emergency, 2000-2010
  • 8. ... or how donors will prioritise (declining?) aid budgets ... US$m changes in bilateral humanitarian expenditure 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 20101 Humanitarian aid and development aid both go up Australia 86.5 -12.2 -70.4 134.7 23.4 -42.5 Austria 23.2 -11.7 -4.1 27.7 -6.8 -12.92 Humanitarian aid and development aid both go down Belgium 7.1 21.7 -4.3 27.1 -6.2 52.1 Canada 39.1 51.2 22.8 66.9 -8.6 129.23. Humanitarian aid rises but other aid falls Denmark 176.7 -10.7 -29.9 16.0 -33.7 -50.6 Finland 48.5 -6.5 27.6 -23.0 16.3 -4.4 France 10.1 22.3 -19.2 -14.4 16.3 16.54. Humanitarian aid goes down but other aid rises 145.4 42.2 -123.2 6.2 72.8 -32.9 Germany Greece 8.0 1.8 -9.5 3.3 -1.6 -9.6 Ireland 30.0 21.4 90.6 -18.1 -67.5 -4.6 Italy -11.9 6.6 0.3 28.3 -3.2 -68.0 Japan -125.4 -378.1 -104.3 163.9 -20.1 275.2 Korea 10.6 -3.5 -6.6 8.2 -4.6 -2.6 Luxembourg -9.1 23.4 -12.2 0.3 5.8 9.6 Netherlands 216.9 -26.5 -106.1 36.3 -83.8 -72.7 New Zealand 34.8 -30.1 3.2 -1.8 -8.6 3.1 Norway 209.2 -102.0 38.5 -35.3 -43.5 67.7 Portugal -6.7 -7.1 -7.5 0.4 -0.0 -0.6 Spain 42.5 20.3 73.9 182.3 25.7 -64.5 Sweden 62.0 26.7 -21.2 38.4 36.5 -10.6 Switzerland 49.2 -21.6 -17.0 -28.8 -9.3 2.2 United Kingdom 94.6 163.4 -338.3 160.4 145.5 -8.8 United States 906.0 -510.4 -120.5 1,333.8 -45.0 430.5 EU Institutions 225.8 193.5 -27.7 295.9 -345.8 83.6 Total 2,273.0 -525.7 -765.0 2,408.6 -346.1 684.5 Changes in bilateral humanitarian aid, 2007-2010 (does not include multilateral ODA contributions to UNHCR, UNRWA, WFP)
  • 9. Donors will be looking at best bang per buck What should the donor fund in each crisis? How? Where would the donors investment add the greatest value? Which countries are at the greatest risk of humanitarian crisis?
  • 10. Who will be most affected by their choices? Concentration of funding in top 3 and top 20 recipients, 2000-2009
  • 11. Tendances (discours)Observations (discours) France (chiffres)
  • 12. It goes beyond immediate life- saving ... Addressing long-term systemic issuesProtectingdevelopment gains Life-saving Increasing resilience and reducing poverty Food, shelter, water, basic health, reconstruction, disaster preparedness Reducing risk
  • 13. ... and responds to different types of emergency ...Conflict/post-conflict Life-saving Natural disasters65% of humanitarian aid, 2009 food, shelter, water, basic health, sanitation Reconstruction Disaster preparedness Complex emergencies 70% to long-term affected, 2009 Basic services food, shelter, water, basic health, sanitation
  • 14. ... in very different contexts Africa 46% Conflict, post-conflict, drought, IDPs, food/livelihood insecurity Top recipients: Sudan, Ethiopia, DRC Middle East 20% Asia 24% Conflict, post-conflict and security. Prone to natural disasters and food/livelihood insecurity. Humanitarian aid to Palestine doubled 2008- High concentrations of people living in poverty. 2009. Other top recipients: Iraq, Lebanon. Top recipients: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Indonesia Consequences of Arab Spring? Americas 5% Prone to natural disasters International humanitarian response, 2000-2009. Remaining 5%: Europe and Oceania
  • 15. But the people affecte