EV Final Briefing

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    ENHANCINGTHEFEASIBILITYOF

    ELECTRICVEHICLESINNEWYORKCITY

    Wednesday,April27,2011

    COLUMBIAUNIVERSITY|SCHOOLOFINTERNATIONALANDPUBLICAFFAIRS

    MPAINENVIRONMENTALSCIENCEANDPOLICY

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    Agenda!

    2

    What is the purpose of this study? Why is New York interested in electric vehicles?

    What are the barriers to adoption?

    What was our methodology?

    How can utilities prepare for electric vehicles?

    Where should the city encourage public charging?

    Summary

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    How can the Mayors Office enhance"electric vehicle adoption?"

    What is the purpose of this study?!

    Source: PlaNYC" 3

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    Climate!17% of all greenhouse

    gases are emitted!by transportation!

    Air!26% of all particulate

    matter is emitted!from vehicles !

    Credit: Nissan" 4

    Why is New York City interested in electric vehicles?!

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    What are the barriers to adoption?!

    Source: NY DOS & G. Gatta" 5!

    50% of New Yorker drivers!park on the street!

    Charging Access!

    NYC electricity prices are!3rd highest in the nation !

    Electricity Price!

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    What was our methodology?!

    Expert Interviews!

    Spatial Analysis!Charging Access!

    Utility Analysis!Electricity Price!

    Literature Review!Phase 1!

    Phase 2!

    Phase 3!

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    How can utilities prepare for electric vehicles?!

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    Implement Reduced Electric Vehicle Rate!

    Utility Best Practices!Focus on Consumer Education and Outreach!

    Encourage Collaboration and Partnerships!

    Implement Complementary Programs!Encourage Data Collection!

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    How can utilities prepare for electric vehicles?!

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    Hybrid! Electric!Net Purchase Price!

    Fuel Cost Per Mile!Costs Specific to NYC"

    $26,380!$23,050!

    $0.06!$0.07!

    Source: Toyota and Nissan"

    Purchase premium = $3,330"

    Annual fuel savings = $398"

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    How can utilities prepare for electric vehicles?!

    !! 9!

    Payback Period for $3,330 Electric Vehicle Premium!Gasoline! Time!

    Current Rate! $0.27! 8.3 years !Electricity Price!

    $4.00!

    Electric Vehicle Rate! 3.8 years !$4.00!$0.14!$0.14!Electric Vehicle Rate! $5.00! 2.9 years !

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    How can utilities prepare for electric vehicles?!

    Encourage data collection!

    Allow second meter installation !

    Implement reduced electric vehicle rate!Recommendations from Utility Analysis!

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    Where should the city encourage public charging?!

    VariablesUsed:

    Income EducaQon JobDensity VehicleAvailability HybridOwnership

    LocaQonofEarlyAdopters

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    Where should the city encourage public charging?!TargetAreasForPublicChargingInfrastructure

    TargetAreas:

    DowntownBrooklyn Westueens

    Manha[anhas

    MarketSoluQons

    OuterBoroughs

    havePrivateParking

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    Recommendations from Spatial Analysis!

    Engage local businesses and communities!

    Focus on areas with private parking!

    Target garage companies in!Downtown Brooklyn and West Queens!

    Where should the city encourage public charging?!

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    EVNY

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    UESTIONS?

    COLUMBIAUNIVERSITY|SCHOOLOFINTERNATIONALANDPUBLICAFFAIRS

    MPAINENVIRONMENTALSCIENCEANDPOLICY