R MIRACLES - ICE Rajkot

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MIRACLES EXCLUSIVE FOR GPSC 29 MAR to 04 APR - 2021 ;\5FNS o DF{l,S UM\lWIF VOLUME 28 R (CLASS 1/2, P.I., S.T.I., DY.SO., DY. MAMLATDAR) DC[gãULZL o VMl0XFGM ALÔ[ AFIMl:OIZ lZhJ„ NAL äFZF 2-;L8Z 8=[GZ V[ZÊFO8 HANSA-NG lJSl;T SZFI]\ u,MA, H[g0Z U[5 lZ5M8„ v 2021 icerajkot follow us on youtube t.me/icerajkotofficial join telegram icerajkot follow us on instagram joinicerajkot.com click to join whatsapp

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GPSC_28MIRACLES EXCLUSIVE FOR GPSC
29 MAR to 04 APR - 2021;\5FNS o DF{l,S UM\lWIF VOLUME 28
R
(CLASS 1/2, P.I., S.T.I., DY.SO., DY. MAMLATDAR)
DC[gãULZL o VMl0XFGM ALÔ[ AFIMl:OIZ lZhJ„
NAL äFZF 2-;L8Z 8=[GZ V[ZÊFO8 HANSA-NG lJSl;T SZFI]\ u,MA, H[g0Z U[5 lZ5M8„ v 2021
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38F0LG[ 7.81% SIM"........................11 l 2022 DF\ EFZTGM :JF:yI ;[JF pnMU 372
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INDEX
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SJFIT —XF\lTZ VMU|MX[GFv2021˜ (Shantir Ogroshena)DF\ EFU ,[X[...................22
l EFZTvNlÙ6 SMlZIFo D{+L 5FS"...........22 l NlÙ6 RLG ;FUZ.............................24 l lAD:8[SGL 17 DL D\+LD\0/ A[9S........24 l J0FÝWFGGM AF\u,FN[X ÝJF;............25 l EFZT VG[ 5FlS:TFG JrR[ J[5FZ...27 l 5|`GM¿ZL............................................28
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l DC[gãULZLo VMl0XFGM ALÔ[ AFIMl:OIZ
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l 3 DFR"o lJ JgIÒJG lNJ;..............51
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lGIDMDF\ ;]WFZM...............................52
Tribes India˜ :5WF" X~ SZL...............53
l J« ÝCFZo lCDFR, ÝN[XDF\ EFZT VG[ I]V[;
JrR[ ,xSZL VeIF;G]\ VFIMHG..........53
Nomenclature) Code......................54
l 0=F>lJ\U ,F>;g; DF8[ ZFÚ=LI ZÒ:8Z....54
l 5|`GM¿ZL............................................55
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GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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a ECI äFZF DFgITF ÝF%T —ZFÚ=LI VYJF ZFßI SÙFGL 5F8L"˜ GF DC¿D 40 :8FZ ÝRFZSMGL lGD6}S Y. XS[ K[P
a V[S lAGvDFgITF ÝF%T ZFHSLI 5Ù DC¿D 20 H[8,F :8FZ ÝRFZSMG[ GMlDG[8 SZL XS[ K[P
n :8FZ ÝRFZSMGL H~ZLIFTo
a ECI R}\86L ÝRFZ NZlDIFG V,UvV,U pD[NJFZM äFZF YTF BR" 5Z GHZ ZFB[ K[P DTNFZÙ[+GF NZ[S pD[NJFZ äFZF SZJFDF\ VFJTF BR"GL DIF"NF GLR[ D]HA GÞL SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[o
n ,MS;EFGL R}\86L DF8[o
a R}\86L BR"GL DC¿D DIF"NF ZFßI ÝDF6[ H]NLvH]NL CMI K[P EFZTGF DM8F ZFßIMG[ GFGF ZFßIM SZTF JWFZ[ BR" SZJFGL K}8 K[P
a ,MS;EFGL R}\86LDF\4 V[S pD[NJFZ 70 ,FB ~l5IF ;]WLGM BR" SZL XS[ K[P
a DM8F ZFßIM H[DS[vVF\W| ÝN[X4 DCFZFÚ=4 DwI ÝN[X4 p¿Z ÝN[X4 5lüD A\UF/ VG[ S6F"8S JU[Z[DF\ BR"GL DIF"NF 70 ,FB ~l5IF K[P
a GFGF ZFßIM VG[ S[gãXFl;T ÝN[XM H[DS[vV~6FR, ÝN[X4 UMJF4 l;lÞD4 VF\NFDFG VG[ lGSMAFZ VF>,[g0Ÿ;4 R\NLU-4 NFNZF VG[ GUZ CJ[,L4 ND6 VG[ NLJ4 ,ÙäL5 VG[ 5]0]R[ZL H[JF BR"GL DIF"NF 54 ,FB ~l5IF K[P
a GM\WGLI K[ S[ lN<CL ,MS;EFGL R}\86LGF lS:;FDF\ 56 VF DIF"NF 70 ,FB ~l5IF K[P
n lJWFG;EFGL R}\86L DF8[o
a p¿Z ÝN[X4 DCFZFÚ=4 lACFZ4 5lüD A\UF/ VG[ VF\W|ÝN[X H[JF DM8F EFZTLI ZFßIMGL lJWFG;EFGL R}\86LDF\ BR"GL DIF"NF 28 ,FB ~l5IF K[P ßIFZ[ V~6FR, ÝN[X4 UMJF4 Dl65]Z4 D[3F,I4 lDhMZD4 GFUF,[g04 l;lÞD4 l+5]ZF VG[ 5]»]R[ZL H[JF GFGF ZFßIM DF8[ VF DIF"NF 20 ,FB ~l5IF GÞL SZJFDF\ VFJL K[P
a :8FZ ÝRFZS 5Z SZJFDF\ VFJTF BR"DF\ SM. V[S pD[NJFZGF R}\86L BR"DF\ pD[ZJFDF\ VFJT]\ GYL4 H[YL R}\86L 5Z YTF BR"DF\ JWFZM SZJF DF8[ JW] HuIFGL XÉITF CMI K[P
a Ô[ S[4 jIÂÉTUT pD[NJFZGF ÝRFZ BR"YL ZFCT D[/JJF DF8[4 :8FZ ÝRFZSG[ 5F8L"GF ;FDFgI R}\86L ÝRFZ ;]WL DFIF"lNT ZFBJF 50X[P
a ,MS ÝlTlGlWtJ VlWlGID D]HA4 VF BR" ZFHSLI 5ÙM p9FJX[P
n :8FZ ÝRFZS TZLS[ J0FÝWFGo
a MCC DFU"NlX"SF D]HA4 ßIFZ[ SM. J0FÝWFG VYJF 5}J" J0FÝWFG :8FZ ÝRFZS CMI4 tIFZ[ A],[8 Ý}O JFCGM ;lCTGL ;]ZÙF 5ZGM BR" ;ZSFZ p9FJX[ VG[ T[G[ 5F8L" VYJF pD[NJFZGF R}\86L BR"DF\ pD[ZJFDF\ VFJX[ GCÄP
a Ô[ S[4 Ô[ SM. VgI ÝRFZS J0FÝWFG ;FY[ ÝJF; SZ[ K[4 TM ;]ZÙF jIJ:YF 5Z SZJFDF\ VFJTF BR"GM 50% BR" pD[NJFZ[ ;CG SZJM 50X[P
n :8FZ ÝDMXG, ;}lRDF\YL N}Z SZJF ;\A\lWT 50SFZo
a ,MS ÝlTlGlWtJ VlWlGID4 1951 GL WFZF 774 H[ V[S pD[NJFZGF R}\86L BR" ;FY[ ;\A\lWT K[4 ZFHSLI 5ÙG[ G[TF GÞL SZJFGL ;¿F VF5[ K[ VG[ NZ[S 5ÙG[ —:8FZ ÝRFZSM—GL ;}lR R}\86L VlWSFZL ;DÙ ZH} SZJFGL D\H}ZL VF5[ K[P
a Ô[S[ :8FZ ÝRFZSM 5ZGM BR" ;\A\lWT pD[NJFZGF BR"DF\ XFD[, SZJFDF\ VFJTM GYL4 ECIGM V[S VFN[X :8FZ ÝRFZSGL l:YlTG[ ZN SZL XS[ K[P
n VFNX" VFRFZ;\lCTFo
a MCC R}\86L 5C[,F ZFHSLI 5ÙM VG[ pD[NJFZMGF lGIDG DF8[ ECI äFZF ÔC[Z SZJFDF\ VFJTL DFU"NlX"SFVMGM V[S ;D}C K[P
a VFNX" VFRFZ;\lCTF sMCC) V[ EFZTGF A\WFZ6GF VG]rK[N 324 G[ VG]~5 K[4 H[ V\TU"T R}\86L 5\R sEC) G[ ;\;N VG[ ZFßI lJWFG;EFVMDF\ :JT\+ VG[ lGQ5Ù R}\86LVMG]\ lGZLÙ6 VG[ ;\RF,G SZJFGL ;¿F VF5JFDF\ VFJL K[P
n VD,LSZ6GM ;DIUF/Mo
a lGIDM D]HA4 VFNX" VFRFZ;\lCTF R}\86L VFIMU äFZF R}\86LGL ÔC[ZFT SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[ tIFZYL H VD,L AG[ K[ VG[ R}\86L 5lZ6FD ÔC[Z YIFGL TFZLB ;]WL ,FU] ZC[ K[P
a SFINFSLI l:YlTo MCC J{WFlGS GYL4 5Z\T] ZFHSLI 5ÙM4 pD[NJFZM VG[ DTNFG V[Hg8M R}\86L 3MØ6F 5+4 EFØ6M VG[ ;Z3;YL DF\0LG[ ;FDFgI VFRFZ JU[Z[GF DF5N\0G]\ 5F,G SZ[ T[JL V5[ÙF ZFBJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P
GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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a EFZTLI N\0 ;\lCTF 18604 OMHNFZL SFI"JFCL ;\lCTF 1973 VG[ ,MS ÝlTlGlWtJ VlWlGID 1951 H[JF SFINFVMDF\ ;\A\lWT Ô[UJF.VM äFZF MCCGL S[8,LS Ô[UJF.VM ,FU] SZL XSFI K[P
n MCCG[ ,UTL E,FD6Mo
a JØ" 2013 DF\4 SD"RFZL4 ÔC[Z OlZIFNM4 SFINM VG[ gIFI V\U[ :YFIL ;lDlTV[ MCCG[ SFIN[;Z ZLT[ A\WGSTF" AGFJJFGL E,FD6 SZL CTL4 V[8,[ S[ MCCG[ RPA 1951 GM EFU AGFJJFDF\ VFJX[P
a JØ" 2015 DF\ EFZTGF ,M SlDXG sLCI) GF VC[JF, 255 DF\ Ô[JF D?I]\ CT]\ S[ MCC DF+ V[ TFZLBYL SFI"ZT ZC[ K[ ßIFZYL ECI R}\86LGL ÔC[ZFT SZ[ K[4 DF8[ ;ZSFZ R}\86LVMGL ÔC[ZFT 5C[,F ÔC[ZFT ACFZ 5F0L XS[ K[P
a lZ5M8"DF\ V[JL E,FD6 SZJFDF\ VFJL K[ S[ U'C q lJWFG;EFGL ;DFl%TGL TFZLBGF K DlCGF 5C[,F\ ;]WLDF\ ;ZSFZ äFZF ÝFIMlHT ÔC[ZFTM 5Z ÝlTA\W D}SJM Ô[.V[P
C[8 ÊF>D
a TFH[TZDF\ ;]ÝLD SM8[" sSC) O[;A]S 5M:8 DF8[ JlZQ9 5+SFZ ;FD[ C[8 ÊF>DGL SFI"JFCL ZN SZL K[P
a ;]ÝLD SM8[" 5MTFGF R]SFNFDF\ SñF]\ K[ S[ VZHNFZGL ;MxI, DLl0IF 5M:8Ÿ; 5HJ6LGF ;\NE"DF\ DF+ ;tIGL VlEjIÂÉT CTLP
Back to Basics : 5'Q9E}lD
a ;]ÝLD SM8"GM VF lG6"I D[3F,I CF>SM8"GF EFZTLI N\0 ;\lCTF sIPC) GL S,D 153 (A) (ä[Øf4 500 (DFGCFlGf VG[ 505 (C) SFI"JFCL ZN SZJFGF >GSFZ ;FD[ NFB, V5L, C[9/ SIM" CTM sSM. ;D]NFI VYJF ÔlTG[ ALÔ ;D]NFI ;FD[ U]GM SZJF DF8[ pxS[ZJ]\fP
n S,D 153 (A): a WD"4 ÔlT4 HgD :Y/4 ZC[9F64 EFØF JU[Z[GF VFWFZ[
H]NF H]NF H}YM JrR[ X+]TFG[ ÝMt;FCG VF5JF VG[ ;]D[/ DF8[ ÝlTS}/ SFI" SZJ]\P
a T[ lXÙF5F+ U]GM CX[4 H[DF\ VFZM5LG[ 5F\R JØ"GL ;Ô VG[ N\0GL ;Ô Y. XS[ K[P
n S,D 505 (C): a SM.56 JU" VYJF ;D]NFIGF ,MSMG[ SM.56 JU" VYJF
;D]NFI lJ~â U]GF SZJF DF8[ pxS[ZJF VYJF VF ;\NE[" ÝItGM SZJFP
a T[ lXÙF5F+ U]GM CX[4 H[DF\ VFZM5LG[ JW]DF\ JW] +6 JØ" S[NGL ;Ô VYJF N\0 VYJF A\G[GL ;Ô Y. XS[ K[P
C[8 ÊF>D
n 5lZRIo
a C[8 ÊF>D V[ U]GFlCT S'tIMG[ ;\NlE"T SZ[ K[ H[ VD]S DTE[NM4 D]bItJ[ WFlD"S ÝYFVM VG[ lZJFÔ[ JU[Z[G[ ,LW[ jIÂÉTUT VYJF ;FDFlHS H}Y ;FD[GF 5}J"U|CYL Ý[lZT CMI K[P
a T[GL jIFbIFDF\ CF,DF\ DMA l,\lR\U4 E[NEFJ VG[ V5DFGHGS EFØ6M T[DH V5DFGHGS VG[ VFJF EFØ6M XFD[, K[ H[ RMÞ; ;D]NFI DF8[ lC\;F E0SFJ[ K[P
a ;DU| C[8 ÊF>DG[ SM. 56 jIÂÉTGF CS p5Z C]D,M TZLS[ jIFbIFlIT SZL XSFI K[4 H[ OÉT T[ jIÂÉTG[ H V;Z SZ[ K[4 5Z\T] ;DU| ;FDFlHS A\WFZ6G[ 56 G]S;FG 5CM\RF0[ K[4 H[GF SFZ6[ T[GL T],GF VgI U]GFlCT S'tIM ;FY[ SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[ H[G[ JW] lJSZF/ DFGJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P
a C[8 ÊF>DDF\ D]bItJ[ ÔlT4 WD" VYJF JU" JU[Z[GF VFWFZ[ SZJFDF\ VFJ[,L l8%56LVM CMI K[P
EFZTDF\ C[8 ÊF>D
a EFZTDF\ C[8 ÊF>DGL jIFbIF —VEã JF6L˜ (ä[Ø5}6" EFØ6f G[ ,LW[ YTF G]S;FGG[ AN,[ jIF5S :TZ[ ;D]NFIG[ YTF G]S;FG VG[ VlEjIÂÉTGL :JT\+TFGF CSGL ãlÚV[ SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P
a EFZTDF\ WD"4 J\XLITF4 ;\:S'lT VYJF ÔlT 5Z VFWFlZT SM.56 VEã EFØF VYJF EFØFG]\ ÝlTA\W K[P
—C[8 ÊF>D˜ ;FD[ EFZTLI SFINM
a Ô[S[ —C[8 ÊF>D˜ XaNGM SIF\I EFZTLI SFINFVMDF\ p<,[B GYL4 5Z\T] EFZTLI A\WFZ6 VG[ N[XGF H]NF H]NF SFINFVMDF\ T[GF H]NF H]NF 5F;FVM VM/BFJFIF K[P
a EFZTLI N\0 ;\lCTF sIPC) V[ S,D 153 (A)4 153 (B)4 295 (A)4 2984 505 (1) VG[ 505 (2) C[9/ ÔC[Z SZ[ K[ S[ WD"4 J\XLITF4 ;\:S'lT4 EFØF VG[ Ù[+ JU[Z[ SM.56 XaN H[ ,[lBT VYJF DÁlBS VFWFZ[ V5DFG VG[ GOZTG[ ÝMt;FCG VF5[ K[ T[ SFINF C[9/ lXÙFtDS K[P
—C[8 ÊF>D˜ VG[ T[GF lGJFZ6G[ ,UTL Ô[UJF.VM
;lCT S[8,FS VgI SFINF
a HG ÝlTlGlWtJ VlWlGID4 1951 a DFlCTL 8[SGM,MÒ VlWlGID4 2000 a U[ZSFIN[;Z ÝJ'l¿VM slGJFZ6f VlWlGID4 1967
RTI lJG\TLVM GFD\H}Z
a TFH[TZDF\ ;[g8=, >gOD["XG SlDXGDF\ sS[gãLI DFlCTL VFIMUf JFlØ"S VC[JF, D]HA ZH} SZFI[,4 JØ" 2019- 20 DF\ RTIDF\ S[gã sDFlCTLGF VlWSFZf C[9/ SZJFDF\ VFJ[,L S], lJG\TLVMGF 4.3 % H[8,L 38L U. K[P
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a JØ" 2005-06DF\ VF V:JLSFZ NZ 13.9% VG[ JØ" 2014-15DF\ 8.4% CTMP
Back to Basics : D]bI D]ÛFVM
a V:JLSFZ SIF" lJGFo VFDF\ VFXZ[ 40% V:JLSFZG]\ DFgI SFZ6 XFD[, GYL4 SFZ6 S[ T[D6[ DFlCTL VlWSFZ SFINF C[9/GF S[8,FS ;[UD[g8Ÿ; sDFlCTL VlWSFZ VlWlGIDf GM p5IMU SIM" GYL S[ H[ C[9/ D]ÂÉT VF5JFDF\ VFJL K[P
a VF V:JLSFZMG[ CIC 0[8FDF\ —VgI˜ S[8[UZL C[9/ JUL"S'T SZJFDF\ VFjIF K[P
a VF SFINF C[9/ DFgI SFZ6M 5}ZF 5F0ŸIF lJGF V[S,F GF6F\ D\+F,I[ T[GL S], RTI lJG\TLVMDF\YL 40% GSFZL SF-L CTLP
a J0FÝWFG SFIF",I4 lN<CL CF.SM8"4 lGI\+S VG[ VMl08Z HGZ,G[ ,UTL 90% YL JW] lJG\TLVM GFD\H}Z Y. CTL4 VF lJG\TLVMG[ —VgI˜ JU"DF\ D}SLG[ GFD\H}Z SZF. CTLP
a DC¿D V:JLSFZo U'C D\+F,IGM ;ÁYL JW] V:JLSFZ NZ CTM4 SFZ6 S[ T[6[ ÝF%T SZ[,L S], VFZ8LVF. lJG\TLVMDF\YL 20% GSFZL SF-L CTLP
a lN<CL 5M,L; VG[ VFDL"DF\ 56 VFZ8LVF.G[ GSFZL SF-JFGF NZDF\ JWFZM Ô[JF D?IM CTMP
n RTI lJG\TLVM GSFZJFGM VFWFZo
a S,D 8 (1) DFlCTL ÔC[Z SZJFDF\ D]ÂÉT ;FY[ ;\A\lWT K[o a VF S,D ;ZSFZG[ N[XGL ;FJ"EÁDtJ4 VB\l0TTF4
;]ZÙF4 VFlY"S lCTM JU[Z[YL ;\A\lWT SM.56 DFlCTLG[ GSFZL SF-JFGL D\H}ZL VF5[ K[P
a jIJ;FlIS 8=:84 J[5FZGL U]%TTF VYJF AÁlâS ;\5l¿ JU[Z[ H[JL DFlCTLP
a DFlCTL4 H[GL ÔC[ZFT SM.56 jIÂÉTGF ÒJG VYJF XFZLlZS ;,FDTLG[ Ô[BDDF\ D}SX[P
a DFlCTL S[ H[ U]G[UFZMGL T5F; VYJF SFI"JFCLGL ÝlÊIFDF\ VJZMW µEL SZX[P
a jIÂÉTUT DFlCTL S[ H[GL ÔC[ZFT SM. ÔC[Z ÝJ'l¿ VYJF ~lR ;FY[ SM. ;\A\W GYLP
a VFZ8LVF. lJG\TLVMG[ GSFZL SF-JFGF ,UEU 46% S[;MDF\ lJEFU 8 (1) GM p5IMU SZJFDF\ VFjIM CTMP
n S,D 9: a T[ S[gãLI ÔC[Z DFlCTL VlWSFZL VYJF ZFßI ÔC[Z
DFlCTL VlWSFZLG[ DFlCTL DF8[GL lJG\TLG[ GSFZJF DF8[ ;¿F VF5[ K[4 H[DF\ SMl5ZF>8G]\ p<,\3G XFD[, K[P
n S,D 24: a T[ E|ÚFRFZ VG[ DFGJFlWSFZGF E\UGF VFZM5MG[ AFN
SZTF\4 ;]ZÙF VG[ U]%TRZ ;\U9GMG[ ,UTL DFlCTL ZH} SZ[ K[P
a VF S[8[UZL C[9/GL ,UEU 5F\RDF\YL V[S s20%) VFZ8LVF.G[ GSFZL SF-JFDF\ VFJL CTLP
DFlCTLGM VlWSFZ s;]WFZMf VlWlGID4 2019 a SFINFGL Ô[UJF. S[ D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL
SlDXGZM ;ZSFZGL D]NT äFZF GÞL SZJFDF\ VFJX[P a VF ;]WFZ6F 5C[,F T[DGM SFI"SF/ 5 JØ"GM CTMP a GJF lA, C[9/ S[gã VG[ ZFßI :TZ[ D]bI DFlCTL
SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL SlDXGZMGF 5UFZ4 EyYF\ VG[ VgI ZMHUFZGL XZTM 56 S[gã ;ZSFZ GÞL SZX[P
a VF ;]WFZF 5C[,F\4 D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZGF 5UFZ4 EyYF VG[ VgI ;[JFGL XZTM D]bI R}\86L SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL SlDXGZMGF DFlCTL SlDXGZM sZFßIMGF lS:;FDF\ ZFßIGF R}\86L SlDXGZMf H[JL H CTLP
a DFlCTL VlWSFZ VlWlGID42005GL Ô[UJF.DF\ K[ S[ Ô[ SM. pD[NJFZ D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL SlDXGZGF 5N 5Z lGD6}S SZTL JBT[ VgI SM. ;ZSFZL GMSZLGM 5[gXG VYJF lGJ'l¿ ,FE D[/J[ K[4 TM T[ ,FEGL ;DFG ZSD T[GF 5UFZDF\YL SF5JFDF\ VFJX[4 5Z\T] VF VF GJF ;]WFZF lA,DF\ Ô[UJF.G[ GFA}N SZJFDF\ VFJL K[P
S[gãLI DFlCTL VFIMU
n :YF5Go
a CICGL :YF5GF RTI (ZF>8 8] >gOD["XG V[É8f C[9/ S[gã ;ZSFZ äFZF JØ" 2005DF\ :YF5GF SZJFDF\ VFJL CTL4 T[ A\WFZ6LI ;\:YF GYLP
n ;eIo
a S[gãLI DFlCTL VFIMUDF\ V[S D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DC¿D 10 ;[g8=, >gOD["XG SlDXGZGL Ô[UJF. K[ VG[ T[VMGL lGD6}S ZFÚ=5lT äFZF SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P
a JØ" 2019 DF\4 VFIMU 5F;[ D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ p5ZF\T K DFlCTL SlDXGZ CTFP
n lGD6}So
a VF lGD6}SM J0FÝWFGGL VwIÙTFJF/L ;lDlTGL E,FD6 5Z SZJFDF\ VFJL K[4 H[DF\ ,MS;EFDF\ lJ5ÙL G[TF VG[ J0FÝWFG äFZF lGI]ÉT S[lAG[8 D\+L ;eIM CMI K[P
n SFI"SF/o
a VFJL HuIFVM DF8[4 D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL SlDXGZ4 S[gã ;ZSFZ äFZF GÞL SIF" D]HA VYJF 65 JØ" sH[ 5C[,F\GL CMIf GL JI ;]WL VF 5N ;\EF/X[P
a T[VMGL OZLYL lGD6}S SZL XSFTL GYLP n CICGL XÂÉT VG[ SFIM"o
a DFlCTL VlWSFZ VlWlGID4 2005 C[9/ SM.56 lJØI 5Z D/[,L OlZIFNMGF DFD,[ ;\A\lWT jIÂÉTGL 5}K5ZK SZJL V[ 5\RGL OZH K[P
a SM. 56 ;\Ô[UMDF\4 Ô[ IMuI VFWFZ CMI TM SlDXG ;]VM DM8M 5FJZ ,.G[ T5F;GF VFN[X VF5L XS[ K[P
GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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a 5}K5ZK DF8[ ;Dg; DMS,JF4 N:TFJ[Ô[GL VFJxISTF JU[Z[GF ;\NE"DF\ SlDXG 5F;[ l;lJ, SM8"GL ;¿FVM K[P
CF>SM8"DF\ V[0CMS HH
a TFH[TZDF\ ;]ÝLD SM8[" CF.SM8Ÿ;" sS[;GL 5[g0g;Lf DF\ 5[lg0\U S[;M ;FY[ SFD SZJF lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}S 5Z EFZ D}ÉIM K[P
Back to Basics : D]bI D]ÛFVM
n ;]ÝLD SM8"GF ;}RGMo
a V[0CMS HHGL lGD6}S DF8[GL DFU"NlX"SFo VNF,T[ V[0vCS HHGL lGD6}S VG[ SFDULZL DF8[ DÁlBS DFU"NlX"SF VF5L K[P
a gIFIDF\ RMÞ; Y|[XM<0 SZTF JW] lJ,\Ao Ô[ SM. gIFIÙ[+DF\ gIFI ÝNFG SZJFDF\ lGIT DIF"NFYL VFU/ VF9 S[ 10 JØ"GM lJ,\A YFI K[4 TM D]bI gIFIFWLX lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLX ;\A\lWT Ù[+DF\ lJX[ØTF WZFJTF gIFIFWLX TZLS[ lGD6}S SZL XS[ K[P
a VFJF gIFIFWLXGL D]NT ,\AFJL XSFI K[P a l:YlTo V[0CMS gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}S VgI gIFIFWLXMGL
;[JFVM DF8[ BTZM ZC[X[ GCÄ SFZ6 S[ T[VM H]lGIZ DFGJFDF\ VFJX[P
a 5;\NULo lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMGL 5;\NUL lJJFNGF lJlXÚ Ù[+DF\ T[DGL S]X/TFGF VFWFZ[ SZJFDF\ VFJX[ VG[ SFINFGF T[ Ù[+DF\ AFSL ZC[,F D]ÛFVMG[ ;DFWFG SIF" 5KL lGJ'¿ YX[P
n lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}S DF8[ N,L,Mo
a Ô[ ;\A\lWT Ù[+DF\ 15 JØ"YL JW]GM VG]EJ WZFJTF lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMG[ VF Ù[+MYL ;\A\lWT lJJFNMG]\ ;DFWFG ,FJJF DF8[ V[0CMS gIFIFWLX TZLS[ OZLYL lGD6}S SZJFDF\ VFJX[4 TM VFJF lJJFNMGM h05YL SFI"JFCL SZL XSFI K[P
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XFD[, SZJFDF\ VFJTM GYLP p5Z VF5[,F lGJ[NGMDF\YL SIF\ lGJ[NGM IMuI K[m (A) OÉT 14 24 VG[ 3 (B) OÉT 24 34 VG[ 4 (C) OÉT 14 34 VG[ 4 (D) 14 24 34 VG[ 4
5. C[8 ÊF>DGF ;\NE"DF\ GLR[GF lGJ[NGM wIFGDF\ ,MP 1. —C[8 ÊF>D˜ XaNGM SIF\I EFZTLI SFINFVMDF\ p<,[B
GYL4 5Z\T] EFZTLI A\WFZ6 VG[ N[XGF H]NFvH]NF SFINFVMDF\ T[GF H]NF H]NF 5F;FVM VM/BFJFIF K[P
2. C[8 ÊF>D V[ U]GFlCT S'tIMG[ ;\NlE"T SZ[ K[ H[ VD]S DTE[NM4 D]bItJ[ WFlD"S ÝYFVM VG[ lZJFÔ[ JU[Z[G[ ,LW[ jIÂÉTUT VYJF ;FDFlHS H}Y ;FD[GF 5}J"U|CYL Ý[lZT CMI K[P
3. T[GL jIFbIFDF\ CF,DF\ DMA l,\lR\U4 E[NEFJ VG[ V5DFGHGS EFØ6M T[DH V5DFGHGS VG[ VFJF EFØ6M XFD[, K[ H[ RMÞ; ;D]NFI DF8[ lC\;F E0SFJ[ K[P
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GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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6. DFlCTLGM VlWSFZ s;]WFZMf VlWlGID4 2019GF ;\NE"DF\ GLR[GF lGJ[NGM wIFGDF\ ,MP
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2. GJF lA, C[9/ S[gã VG[ ZFßI :TZ[ D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DFlCTL SlDXGZMGF 5UFZ4 EyYF\ VG[ VgI ZMHUFZGL XZTM 56 S[gã ;ZSFZ GÞL SZX[P
3. S[gãLI DFlCTL VFIMUDF\ V[S D]bI DFlCTL SlDXGZ VG[ DC¿D 10 ;[g8=, >gOD["XG SlDXGZGL Ô[UJF. K[ VG[ T[VMGL lGD6}S ZFÚ=5lT äFZF SZJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P
p5Z VF5[,F lGJ[NGMDF\YL SIF\ lGJ[NGM IMuI K[m (A) OÉT 14 VG[ 2 (B) OÉT 24 VG[ 3 (C) OÉT 14 VG[ 3 (D) 14 24 VG[ 3
7. GLR[GF lGJ[NGM wIFGDF\ ,MP 1. V[0CMS gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}S VgI gIFIFWLXMGL
;[JFVM DF8[ BTZM ZC[X[ GCÄ SFZ6 S[ T[VM H]lGIZ DFGJFDF\ VFJX[P
2. TDFD 25 prR VNF,TMDF\ gIFIFWLXMGL D\H}ZLGL ;\bIF 14080 K[P Ô[ S[4 DFR" 2021 ;]WLDF\4 OÉT 661 gIFIFWLXM s419 BF,L HuIFVMf SFI"ZT K[P
3. lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}S DF8[GL Ô[UJF. A\WFZ6GL S,D 224A (prR VNF,TMGL A[9SMDF\ lGJ'¿ gIFIFWLXMGL lGD6}Sf C[9/ SZJFDF\ VFJL K[P
(A) OÉT 14 VG[ 2 (B) OÉT 24 VG[ 3 (C) OÉT 14 VG[ 3 (D) 14 24 VG[ 3
8. GLR[GF lGJ[NGM wIFGDF\ ,MP
1. VG]rK[N 244(A) VFlNÔlT lJ:TFZMG[ EFZTLI
A\WFZ6GF KõF X[0ŸI}, SZTF\ JW] :JFI¿ ;¿F VF5[ K[P
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2. A\WFZ6GL KõL ;}lRDF\ VF;FD4 D[3F,I4
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4. 22 DF\ A\WFZ6 ;]WFZF VlWlGID4 1969 äFZF VG]rK[N
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(A) OÉT 14 24 VG[ 3 (B) OÉT 24 34 VG[ 4
(C) OÉT 14 34 VG[ 4 (D) 14 24 34 VG[ 4
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a V[SJFZ H]GF JFCGM N}Z YIF AFN GJF JFCGMGF J[RF6DF\ J[U D/X[ H[ N[XGF VM8MDMAF., pnMUG[ J[U VF5X[P T[ JFCGMGL A/T6 SFI"ÙDTFDF\ JWFZM SZX[ VG[ ZMSF6 VFSlØ"T SZX[P
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;\I]ÉT ZFÚ=G]\ VFlY"S VG[ ;FDFlHS
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a EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\S[ VFH[ DFlCTL VF5L CTL S[ A[h Z[8 7.81 8SF K[P VF JT"DFG SŸJF8"Z SZTF 15 A[l;; 5M>g8 s0.15%) GLRM K[P UIF JØ[" T[ VF ;DIUF/F NZlDIFG 8.76% CTMP
GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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a NZ l+DFl;SGF V\lTD SFI"SFZL lNJ;[4 RBI VFUFDL SŸJF8"ZDF\ T[GF k6 ,[GFZFVMG[ NBFC-MFI äFZF J;},JFDF\ VFJX[ T[ jIFH NZ GÞL SZ[ K[P T[ 5F\R ;ÁYL DM8L J[5FZL A[\SMGF A[h Z[8GL ;Z[ZFX 5Z VFWFlZT K[P
EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\S sRBI) a EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\SGL :YF5GF 1 V[lÝ, 1935 GF ZMH
EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\S V[É84 1934 GL Ô[UJF.VM D]HA SZJFDF\ VFJL CTLP X~VFTDF\ SM,SFTFDF\ lZhJ" A[\SGL ;[g8=, VMlO;GL :YF5GF Y. CTL 5Z\T] 1937 DF\ T[G[ SFIDL WMZ6[ D]\A> :YFGF\TlZT SZJFDF\ VFJL CTLP
a S[lgãI SFIF",I T[ HuIF K[ ßIF ZFßI5F, A[;[ K[ VG[ ßIF GLlTVM AGFJJFDF\ VFJ[ K[P 1949 DF\ ZFÚ=LISZ6 YI]\ tIFZYL4 lZhJ" A[\S ;\5}6" ZLT[ EFZT ;ZSFZGL DFl,SLGL K[P
2022 DF\ EFZTGM :JF:yI ;[JF pnMU 372 VAH 0M,Z ;]WL 5CM\RX[o GLlT
VFIMU
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a lJ A[\S[ T[GF —South Asia Economic Focus Spring˜ V50[8 VC[JF,DF\ H6FjI]\ K[ S[ BFGUL J5ZFX VG[ ZMSF6 J'lâDF\ DHA}T ;]WFZ6F JrR[ T[6[ V\NFHDF\ ;]WFZM SIM" K[P lJ A[\S[ SñF]\ S[ GF6FSLI JØ" NZlDIFG ;ZSFZL J5ZFXDF\ VFXZ[ 16.7 8SFGM JWFZM YJFGL WFZ6F K[P
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1 V[lÝ,o EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\SGM :YF5GF lNJ;
a EFZTLI lZhJ" A[\SGM :YF5GF lNJ; 1 V[lÝ,GF ZMH pHJJFDF\ VFJ[ K[4 H[GL :YF5GF 1 V[lÝ, 1935 GF ZMH SZJFDF\ VFJL CTLP
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a RBI 5C[,F4 .lg5lZI, A[\S VMO .lg0IF äFZF ;[g8=, A[\SGF TDFD SFIM" SZJFDF\ VFJTF CTFP .d5LZLI, A[\S VMO >lg0IFGL :YF5GF 1921 DF\ .d5LZLI, A[\S VMO >lg0IF V[É84 1920 äFZF Y. CTL4 H[6[ +6 Ý[l;0[g;L A[\SMG[ V[S DHA}T A[\SDF\ DH" SZL NLWL CTLP
a N[XGF ;\ElJT AÔZ XC[ZMDF\ VF A[\SG[ VFUFDL 5 JØ"DF\ 100 XFBFVM BM,JFGM lGN["X VF5JFDF\ VFjIM CTMP VF A[\SGL ZRGF ;[g8=, A[\S AGJFGF lJRFZYL SZJFDF\ VFJL CTL VG[ T[G[ DwI:Y A[\SGF TDFD SFIM"G[ K}8F SZJFGL D\H}ZL VF5JFDF\ VFJL CTLP
a T[G[ R,6 VG[ lWZF64 ÔC[Z ~64 ;ZSFZGL VFJS VG[ lJTZ64 D[G[HD[g8 VG[ l;SŸIMlZ8Lh VG[ AMg0Ÿ;4 A[gSZMGL A[gSM JU[Z[GF SFIM" ;M\5JFDF\ VFjIF CTFP AFNDF\ lC<8G I\U SlDXG[ E,FD6 SZL S[ ;[g8=, A[\S V,UYL AGFJJFDF\ VFJ[P
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GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam ICE - Institute for Competitive Exam GPSC CURRENT AFFAIRS
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