Montreal Smart-City Pilot System (MSCPS) - Cloudinary ... TECHNICAL REPORT Montreal Smart-City Pilot

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Transcript of Montreal Smart-City Pilot System (MSCPS) - Cloudinary ... TECHNICAL REPORT Montreal Smart-City Pilot

  • TECHNICAL REPORT Montreal Smart-City Pilot System (MSCPS) submitted to Ville de Montréal, 275, rue Notre-Dame Est, Montréal, Québec, H2Y 1C6 by Broadband Communications Research Laboratory (BCRL) Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering McGill University 3480 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 0E9 July 2017

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  • i

    Table of Contents

    Table of Contents ........................................................................................................................................... i

    List of tables .................................................................................................................................................. v

    List of Figures .............................................................................................................................................. vi

    Chapter 1 Executive Summary .................................................................................................................... 1

    Chapter 2 Smart-City/IoT Architectures and Issues .................................................................................... 3

    2.1 Motivations and Current Trends of the Internet of Things for Smart Cities ....................................... 3

    2.1.1 Motivations ...................................................................................................................................... 3

    2.1.2 Current trends of the Internet of Things for Smart Cities ................................................................ 4

    2.1.3 Notable Examples of Smart City Applications around the World ................................................... 4

    2.2 IoT System Architecture and Enabling Technologies for Smart City ................................................ 9

    2.2.1 Data Acquisition Layer .................................................................................................................. 10

    2.2.2 Connectivity Layer ......................................................................................................................... 11

    2.2.3 Data Management Layer ................................................................................................................ 12

    2.2.4 Application Layer .......................................................................................................................... 13

    2.3 Open issues of Smart City based on IoT ........................................................................................... 13

    2.3.1 Scalability ...................................................................................................................................... 13

    2.3.2 Virtualization ................................................................................................................................. 14

    2.3.3 Security and Privacy ...................................................................................................................... 14

    2.4 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................ 14

    Chapter 3 Montréal Smart City Pilot System (MSCPS) ............................................................................ 15

    3.1 MSCPS deployment summary (Lot 1, 3, 4) ...................................................................................... 15

    3.1.1 Lot 1 – Intelligent traffic ................................................................................................................ 15

    3.1.2 Lot 3 – Urban Asset Management ................................................................................................. 17

    3.1.3 Lot 4 – Public Security .................................................................................................................. 18

    3.2 VdM pilot deployment network structure ......................................................................................... 19

    3.2.1 Network connectivity diagram ....................................................................................................... 19

    3.2.1 Physical deployment network structure ......................................................................................... 21

    3.3 Device capabilities ............................................................................................................................ 22

    3.3.2 Communication devices ................................................................................................................. 22

    3.3.3 Sensing devices .............................................................................................................................. 26

  • ii

    3.3.4 Mobile sensors ............................................................................................................................... 28

    3.4 Configuration summary .................................................................................................................... 33

    3.4.1 Time synchronization ..................................................................................................................... 33

    3.4.2 IP addressing and NAT .................................................................................................................. 33

    3.4.3 WiFi radios..................................................................................................................................... 34

    3.4.4 Cameras.......................................................................................................................................... 35

    3.4.5 RFID .............................................................................................................................................. 35

    3.5 Throughput and device reliability test results ................................................................................... 35

    3.5.1 WiFi Radios throughput tests ......................................................................................................... 35

    3.5.2 Zigbee Radios throughput tests ...................................................................................................... 38

    3.5.3 Device Reliability .......................................................................................................................... 39

    3.5.4 Road surface and tree inspection vehicle field test ........................................................................ 40

    3.6 Planning estimation for Montreal downtown and the whole Montreal ............................................. 41

    3.6.1 Assumptions and the investigated scenarios .................................................................................. 41

    3.6.2 Simulation results and discussions ................................................................................................. 43

    3.7 Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................ 45

    Chapter 4 Data Flow, Storage and Control Structures ............................................................................... 46

    4.1 The data management structure ........................................................................................................ 46

    4.2 On-premises management structure for the MSCPS ........................................................................ 49

    4.2.1 Data Plane ...................................................................................................................................... 49

    4.2.2 Control Plane ................................................................................................................................. 59

    4.3 Cloud-based data management structure for the MSCPS ................................................................. 66

    4.3.1 Introduction to Microsoft Azure .................................................................................................... 66

    4.3.2 Data Plane ...................................................................................................................................... 69

    4.3.3 Control Plane ................................................................................................................................. 75

    4.4 Discussions and challenges ............................................................................................................... 76

    4.4.1 Comments of current deployment .................................................................................................. 76

    4.4.2 Challenges ...................................................................................................................................... 77

    4.5 Chapter summary .............................................................................................................................. 77

    Chapter 5 Security ...................................................................................................................................... 79

    5.1 The importance of IoT security, examples and common threats ...................................................... 79

    5.1.1 The importance of IoT security:.....................................................................................................