L'APPROCHE TRANSVERSALE L’écoute sensible en sciences humaines, par René Barbier

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Transcript of L'APPROCHE TRANSVERSALE L’écoute sensible en sciences humaines, par René Barbier

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    km bjlle Lmuqjmdde

    Imdp kod smzp, od de }uepyjodde smp ud gokke ku$

    Qed @gmq

    Mjkeq, `epy seuy+yqe mssqediqe kmq`geq imdp `e kodie$

    Mssqediqe doup yedjq yqmd}ujllep`okke le `gde ey le yjlleul ie lm bmale$Mssqediqe qenmqieq$Yod qenmqi epy `okke ud pekeuq$

    Jl m slmdy ud mqaqe$ He smqlesmq`e }ue yu bmjp yqekaleq lep beujllep$

    O`ymrjo Smx

    Hmj y bmjy pjksle

    Hjiiu Fqjpgdmkuqyj

    Edyqeq imdp lm qmljy sqobodie iu kodie epy jdbjdjkedyimdneqeuw$ Jl pz kle lgoqqeuq ey lm keqrejlle ey youhouqp doupiekeuqodp pupsediup edyqe lep ieuw$

    Hm`}uep Kmpuj

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    Ourqmnep sualjp

    Lm qe`geq`ge+m`yjod imdp ljdpyjyuyjod iu`myjre, Smqjp, Nmuygjeq+

    Rjllmqp, =:>>

    Lm qe`geq`ge+m`yjod, Smqjp, Mdygqosop, `oll$ Eygdo+po`jolonje+

    so`ge, =::2

    He qekeq`je youy smqyj`uljqekedy Mndp Sqropy, Dmygmlje Nqxzaef

    ey Hemd+@lmuie Nqmqi souq lm qele`yuqe iu kmdup`qjy ey souq leuq mjie

    lymaljppekedy iep jdiew

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    JDYQOIU@YJOD

    Le qjqe epy mdyqjeuq muw ijeuw

    O`ymrjo Smx

    Kjlle deub `edy }umyqe+rjdny+pejxe, hmj ih lmqnekedy ismpp

    `jd}umdye mdp$ Jl bmuy smqbojp mqqjreq bediqe ud pj`le ed ieuw souq

    rmlueq lm boq`e jdyqjeuqe ie pod mqaqe ie rje$ Ipoqkmjp le sqobodi ie

    lyjd`elle smqsjlle ey yoymljpe$ Iesujp lm sualj`myjod ie kod sq`iedyourqmne '=:>>*, hmj r`u ie dokaqeupep pjyumyjodp }uepyjoddmdyep, puq

    le slmd iu`myjb ey puq le slmd ie lm qelmyjod gukmjde, `eqymjdep `okj}uep,

    imuyqep aemu`ous slup yqmnj}uep$

    Jl ke pekale }umsqp lm }umqmdymjde, lgokke ep`mlmie ie kjeuw

    ed kjeuw pod `gelle ie smjlle, pmdp pjd}ujyeq ie ljd`edije }uj qie$

    Le pedp ie lm rje ierjedy ude ewjned`e youye sqeure$ Le youy ou qjed ie

    lm heudeppe bmjy slm`e lm `oksqgedpjod ie lmkajrmled`e ey ie

    l}ujro`jy ie lyqe gukmjd$ Kmjp luqned`e ie pm sqosqe `odnqued`e

    pmbbjqke ie slup ed slup$ @odnqued`e edyqe dop `oksoqyekedyp ey doyqe

    myyjyuie lnmqi ie lm rje, pmdp `eppe yedue ed `ge` qelmyjb, `mq

    lewjpyed`e jksqrjpjale iqmdne youhouqp lep sqokeppep yoymljymjqep }ue

    doup doup bmjpodp doup+kkep$

    Hmj pouredy qbl`gj puq le pedp }ue hm``oqimjp `ep koyp ie km

    bjlle, mloqp ne ie }umyqe mdp, ud houq ie qebluw, puq ude slmne ed

    Aqeymnde 8 Qenmqie smsm, jl dz m slup iemu imdp lm keq -

    Mssqediqe rojq pjkslekedy, `epy++ijqe rjrqe mu `oeuq iep

    rdekedyp, iep pjyumyjodp, iep `gopep ey iep yqep, `eyye maped`e ie

    puapymd`e, `e kmd}ue jqqiu`yjale }uj, ed kke yeksp, mddod`e lm

    sdjyuie ie lyqe mu pejd ie `e }uj smqmy mssmqyedjq mu slup jdeqye ey um

    slup kmppjb, hey l pmdp yqos pmrojq souq}uoj, depy+`e smp le bjl qoune

    ie youye pmneppe ? De le qeyqoure+y+od smp `gex iep sgjloposgep

    `odyeksoqmjdp okke Fopymp Mwelop, ou Mdiq @okye+Psodrjlle ?

    Hgmajyepeul iesujp ude }ujdxmjde imddep, imdp ud seyjymssmqyekedy yqos ed`okaq iu WWe mqqodijppekedy$ Hmjke `e }umqyjeq

    ie kod edbmd`e, ajnmqq, `opkosoljye, o pe `yojedy bm`jlekedy lep

    Mpjmyj}uep, lep Mbqj`mjdp ey lep Kmngqajdp$ @eqymjdp mkjp edpejndmdyp ie

    kod udjreqpjy gmajyedy youy sqp$ He qed`odyqe ed`oqe, imdp lm que, iep

    `mkmqmiep imiolep`ed`e$ Slup }ue hmkmjp he qeppedp lm seqyjded`e ie

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    `eyye sedpe ie Smul Qj`oeuq 8 Doup edyqodp imdp le pzkaolj}ue }umdi

    doup mrodp doyqe koqy ieqqjqe doup ey doyqe edbmd`e iermdy doup=$Hmj `gojpj iedyqeq imdp le `miqe iep Kmyqep ie `odbqed`ep

    ed P`jed`ep ie lEiu`myjod, mloqp }ue hymjp kmyqe+mppjpymdy ie

    po`jolonje$ Aemu`ous ie kep `odbqqep kody i`odpejll `e smppmne$ Lm

    po`jolonje qepye ude ijp`jsljde ymalje, sqepyjnjeupe$ Lep p`jed`ep ie

    liu`myjod rm`jlledy ie youyep smqyp ey pekaledy prmdoujq ed buke$ Dj

    pubbjpmkkedy ljyyqmjqep dj pubbjpmkkedy p`jedyjbj}uep, imdp ud

    edyqe+ieuw muw bqodyjqep jdiyeqkjdep$ @eqymjdp z edyqedy souq yqoureq

    ude slm`e slup bm`jle imdp ud `gmks udjreqpjymjqe yqos `od`uqqedyjel,`okke le body iep kie`jdp }uj `gojpjppedy, pmdp qelle koyjrmyjod ou

    `oksyed`e, lm ps`jmljpmyjod im`usud`yeuq$ Kmjp aemu`ous ie

    `ollnuep z jdrepyjppedy ie ldeqnje ey ie ljdyelljned`e souq bmjqe rjrqe

    ude ijp`jsljde }uj m``esye iyqe }uepyjodde pmdp `eppe, smq le

    sgdokde iu`myjb$

    Hmj `gojpj `eyye roje ed `oddmjppmd`e ie `mupe$ Liu`myjod

    kjdyqeppe iesujp kod slup heude ne , yqmreqp ude ikmq`ge

    kulyjqbqedyjelle$ Hmj lepsojq }ue lep p`jed`ep ie liu`myjod

    iekeuqeqody oureqyep lm dormyjod sjpykolonj}ue ey kygoiolonj}ue

    ed ymdy }ue p`jed`ep+`mqqebouqp$ Seuy+yqe pujp+he yqos osyjkjpye ? He

    seqojp ymdy ie ipjllupjodp, ie qeyqmjyep mdyj`jsep, `gex kep `ollnuep

    lep slup jdredyjbp lgeuqe m`yuelle$ Hmj smqbojp ljksqeppjod iyqe

    ljijoy iu rjllmne ie lm simnonje ey ie liu`myjod, `ey jijoy pj

    sqo`ge iu qel iody smqle le sgjloposge `odyeksoqmjd @lkedy Qoppey

    imdp pm sgjloposgje yqmnj}ue '=:>>*$ Ledbmd`e kjdyqeppe imdp pod

    sqo`eppup ie boqkmyjod, imdp lep soppjalep qelmyjoddelp ey po`jmuw

    }uelle sqoheyye puq le kodie redjq$ He de `qojp smp, souq muymdy, }ue

    lmiulye pojy ibjdjyjrekedy maquyj ey pmdp epsojq$ He smqyj`jse iesujp

    loqjnjde muw m`yjodp ie Boqkmyjod ey puqyouy iEiu`myjod seqkmdedyep$

    He ke pujp youhouqp `odpjiq `okke ud `geq`geuq, mrmdy kke

    ie qmljpeq km sqekjqe qe`geq`ge udjreqpjymjqe$ Hmj youhouqp pussop

    }ue rjrqe, `ymjy smqyjq ed }uye iu pedp, imdp ud ieredjq jksqoamale

    ey jksqru$ Lm sqmyj}ue ie lm sopje m pmdp `eppe mljkedy `eyye

    jd`ljdmyjod mwjolonj}ue ey geqkdeuyj}ue iesujp slup ie yqedye mddep$

    ]ue pmrojq pjdod }uj p`gmsse,

    ]ue rojq pjdod }uj poap`uq`jy,

    ]ue ipjqeq pjdod }uj keuqy,

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    Pjdod }uj smqle ey pe i`gjqe ?

    Z$ AoddebozPj he seqimjp youy, he pmjp }ujl ke qepyeqmjy ed`oqe lm `msm`jy

    ewjpyeq soyj}uekedy 8 lm sopje ke roleqm km koqy `okke l`qjy

    Qed @gmq1$

    @okkedy bmjqe smppeq ed p`jed`ep gukmjdep, `eyye yqm`e pjdueupe

    ey bqujyjre, }ue lmjppedy ed koj lm sopje ey pod oureqyuqe puq ljkmnjdmjqe

    kzygj}ue ? Kep qe`geq`gep pjdp`qjredy iesujp lodnyeksp imdp `eyye

    seqpse`yjre, mrmdy kke ie `okked`eq kep yqmrmuw ed p`jed`ep ie

    liu`myjod$

    Ewsopeq lm ljnde ie boq`e ie `ep qe`geq`gep `odpjpye sqosopeq

    kep smjqp, kep mkjp ey kep yuijmdyp, ud sualj` pedpjale ey jdyqepp,

    ud douremu qenmqi ey ude dourelle `ouye ed p`jed`ep gukmjdep$ Ude

    `ouye jkslj}ue, kqje$ Ude rjpjod mljkedye smq ude ewsqjed`e

    gukmjde mu }uoyjijed, mre` pep ipmpyqep, pep hojep ey pep edqm`jdekedyp

    seqpoddelp, imdp le nqouse+`lmppe, imdp lm bmkjlle, imdp lm qelmyjod mu

    ipjq ie lmuyqe, imdp lm rje po`jmle$

    Poup `ey mdnle, llmaoqmyjod ie km sqoalkmyj}ue `oksqedi yqojp

    ymsep, p`geloddmdy puq slup ie rjdny+`jd} mdp$

    Ude sqekjqe ymse rm ie =:23 =:2:$ Elle `oqqepsodi km

    boqkmyjod udjreqpjymjqe sluqjijp`jsljdmjqe 'iqojy, `odokje, po`jolonje,

    p`jed`ep po`jmlep iu yqmrmjl* }uj possopmjy km sqmyj}ue soyj}ue ey

    km qe`geq`ge jdyqjeuqe$ Sqjoie ie seqpoddmljy `ljre, ie `odp`jed`e

    kmlgeuqeupe 8

    + Iud `y lm qmyjodmljy, lm p`jed`e$

    + Ie lmuyqe, Lm sopje ey pod kzpyqe pedpjale, mre` lm

    ajedrejllmdye `oksqgedpjod ie lokaqe am`gelmqijedde$

    + Iud `y, lm gmuye aouqneojpje jdyelle`yuelle iep Sqobeppeuqp ie

    iqojy ey iep yuijmdyp, leuqp gqjyjeqp$

    + Ie lmuyqe }uel}uep+udp, yqp qmqep, }uj `okke koj dmnemjedy

    `odyqe+`ouqmdy iude `ulyuqe m`mikj}ue }uj de leuq smqlmjy smp$

    @e yeksp epyuijmdyjd, imjlleuqp lmqnekedy qiujy smq lep yqedye+

    pesy geuqep geaiokmimjqep}ue hmppukmjp imdp ud lz`e `okke

    puqrejllmdy iewyeqdmy, epy `eluj ie lsqeure iu kmd}ue ie `msjyml

    `ulyuqel, po`jml ey iude sqjpe ie `odp`jed`e ie ljdhupyj`e qrle smq

    leweq`j`e iu iqojy sopjyjb poup lep nqmdip sqjd`jsep iu @oie `jrjl ou

    sdml$

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    Youye km rje, he ke pujp pedyj yqmreqp smq lep boq`ep

    `odrulpjrep iep qmssoqyp po`jmuw imdp kod smzp ey imdp le kodie$ Hedmj hmkmjp su qepyeq imdp km youq ijrojqe, kke loqp}ue he nqmrjymjp

    imdp `eqymjdp kjljeuw kzpyj}uep iu Kourekedy iu Soyedyjel Gukmjd

    ey iu Dourel Mne, `ep ljeuw o jl epy pj bm`jle ie pmreunleq$ Ed sqsmqmdy

    `ey ourqmne nmlekedy, `okke od souqqm le `odpymyeq imdp lep ewekslep

    qblwjbp yjqp ie lm`yumljy }uoyjijedde$ Jl bmuy ijqe }uEkkmduel

    Koudjeq,Mlaeqy @mkup ey Hemd+Smul Pmqyqe buqedy, souq koj, imdp km

    rjdnyjke mdde, iep kmyqep sedpeq$

    Msqp kod peqrj`e kjljymjqe, he ke qoqjedye reqp lep p`jed`eppo`jmlep iu yqmrmjl slup mssqosqjep kod gmajyup ie `lmppe ey hmrmd`e

    lmqnekedy imdp ud io`yoqmy ie ps`jmljy ed po`jolonje iu yqmrmjl poup lm

    ijqe`yjod ie Hemd+Imdjel Qezdmui, mloqp Sqobeppeuq mu @odpeqrmyojqe

    Dmyjodml iep Mqyp ey Kyjeqp$

    Puq le slmd seqpoddel, `eyye sqjoie epy nmlekedy `elle ie

    lmkouq+smppjod, ie lm slodne imdp lep kjljeuw