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    A NEIGHBORHOOD STUDY

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    METHODOLOGY

    Site/Neighborhood Introduction

    Location: Context at macro level

    History and Evolution(macro level)

    Site Delineation:

    Edges

    Landmarks

    History and Evolution micro level)

    Connectivity micro level)

    Hierarchy of roads

    Morphology:

    Land use:

    1995

    Existing

    2015 (Proposed)

    Figure Ground

    Open space network

    Activity patterns

    Vehicular and Pedestrian

    Imageability

    Edges, Nodes

    Streetscapes

    Building Form

    Building use

    Building height

    Infrastructure

    Physical- electrical, sewage ,water

    Social infrastructure

    Development control Statutory norms)

    SWOT analysis

    Gandhi bazaar

    Human settlement planning

    Semester 7 (batch of 16)

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    Gandhi bazaar

    SURROUNDING NEIGHBOURHOOD

    :

    North - Chamrajpet : High density residential area

    S-west - Basavanagudi : temple area ,well planned ,

    economically goodS-east - N.R colony : vegetable market.

    South - Ashok Nagar : residential , schools.

    S-west - Banshankari

    West - Srinagar : bus depot Hanumanthnagar

    Bangalore ,also called bengaluru is the capital of Karnataka. The city is also

    known as the garden city which is situated in the

    southeast part of the state.

    It is the third most populated city in India and has a population of

    8,425,970 and an area of 741 sqkm.

    AREA :

    Area of the site 43 acres

    Distance between north and south : 1.0km

    Distance between east and west : 0.5km

    Population of study area : 2,000(approx)

    INTRODUCTION

    OBJECTIVE :Understanding of the precinct

    In depth documentation of site in terms of land use ,

    activity, typology etc

    Develop base map, land use maps , building use maps, age

    of structures, figure ground maps

    Street sections and sketches at various junctions and levels

    Prepare questionnaire and interview people

    GOALS: to analyze and understand

    Understanding beneficiary preferences

    Identify core issues and problems in the precinct and

    provide appropriate solutions and guidelines

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    Bangalore was founded by Kempe Gowda I in the year 1537 AD.

    The Bijapur Sultans who defeated the Gowdasgifted Bangalore to Shaji Bhosle a

    Maratha who ruled from 1638 to 1687 AD and was defeated by the British.

    The British in turn sold it to the Mysore Wodeyars (1690 1799 AD)

    The Wodeyars gifted Bangalore to Hyder Ali as his personal Jagir.

    The British defeated Tipu and shifted the capital to Bangalore from Mysore.

    Post independence Bangalore continues to be the capital of Karnataka State anda major IT player globally.

    The city transitioning from a small town to a metropolis, has

    witnessed a developmentlist phase, giving Bangalore a new

    international identity. The new economies contend not only

    with fragments of the traditions and formative cultures of the

    past, but with new definitions and styles of democracy that do

    not comprise a consensus on the image of the city.

    Basavangudi, one of the earliest planned neighborhoods of

    Bangalore, was inserted into landscape following the outbreak

    of the plague disease and as a response to the growing

    demography. This new redrawn map of the city, though

    promoted as a model hygienic suburb, paid scrupulous

    attention to the social hierarchies within it and a distinct logic

    of geometric physical space.

    The area under study provides an opportunity to look at the

    mosaic of distinct cultural and religious landscapes, varying

    logic of geometric/physical space, complex economies and

    political and legal aspects.

    HISTORY AND EVOLUTION

    9th-1500

    1799-1947 1947-2014

    1500-1799

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    STUDY AREA

    Site through time

    Gandhi bazaar, a part of Basavangudi had a distinct logic

    of geometric physical space with a gridiron pattern of

    street network, central open spaces, conservancy lanes,diagonal bazaar street and marked social hierarchy.

    Structuring elements

    it is structured by a strict gridiron pattern of street

    network with a diagonal

    Bazaar street. The tree lined wide streets run in the

    cardinal directions with defined boundaries with nearby

    neighborhoods. The caste- based zoning lends the fabric

    a distinct social hierarchy.

    Footpath Road way Transway

    Road way

    Footpath

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    Study area with surrounding

    DELINEATION OF SITE BOUNDARY

    CHAMARAJAPET

    BASAVANAGUDI

    HANUMANTHANAGAR

    GANDHI BAZAAR

    JAYANAGAR

    VV PURAM

    The extent of the study area is

    1.0 km.-North-south.

    0.5 km. East -west

    The two circles -- the 2 main anchor points around which the

    neighborhood study has been done

    Ramakrishna circle

    Tagore circle

    This neighborhood has public spaces like

    Ramakrishna ashram on the north western

    side and bull temple on the southern side.

    These spaces have been an integral part of

    the old settlement

    Ramakrishna ashram

    Bull temple

    North road metro station

    Lal bagh

    MN Krishnarao Park

    Ashram circle

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    DVG road

    Surveyor street and govinappa road

    In contrast to the other roads with their

    bustling street character these roads are

    compact and characterised by private

    residences and apartments.

    Age and condition of buildings vary greatly,

    ranging from old bunglows to upcoming

    apartments.

    Compactness of the street imparts an intimate

    and private quality to the street.Mature trees with large canopies and

    streetlights and electric poles form part of the

    streetscapes.

    Acomodates only private vehicles and no

    public vehicular movement observed.

    DVG roadRelatively smaller in comparison to the Gandhi bazaar

    main road

    and supports lesser volume of traffic in comparison.

    It is characterised by mixed use, with a larger proportion of

    commercial activities, and some amount of residential activity

    confined to upper levels.

    Similar to the main road , the stores spread over to the side walks,.

    There is a lack of trees within the streetscape.

    The streetscape is dominated by streetlights and electric poles.

    Shankar mutt road

    Charcterised by mixed use. With commercial activity at ground level ( small shops or clinics)and private residences at upper storeys.

    The street has a private character relative to the Gandhi bazaar main road and DVG road.

    Characterised by heavy vehicular movement during peak hoursThis adds a little public

    character to the street .

    A few trees , streetlights and electric poles form part of the streetscapes

    School and clinic adds a little public character.

    Two wheeler parking along shankar mutt road

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    Gandhi bazaar street facade

    North road street facade

    From an urban design perspective, the gandhi

    bazaar precinct offers a wide variety ofstreetscapes.

    The Gandhi bazaar main road, runs diagonally ,

    bisecting the precinct into two halves.

    It supports larger volume of vehicular movement

    relative to the other streets and hence acts as main

    spine to the precinct.

    It is a bustling street characterised by commercial

    spaces along the street.

    Vitality of street maintained by public activity at all

    times of the day.

    The sidewalks allow stores to set up outside causing

    an intermix of commercial space onto the public

    realm and adding to the character of the street.

    Non uniform architectural style and stores.

    Lack of seating spaces along the sidewalks

    Marked by large trees.

    Tree canopies cover a majority of the road and

    sidewalks providing shade and filtering light.

    North roadIt marks the northern edge of theprecinct.

    Characterised by two way vehicular movement.

    little public seating, Planters and lighting features

    along the sidewalk near ashram circle

    Form a part of the streetscape.

    Charcterised by Large bunglows and some private

    residences- No interaction with the public realm.

    Little commercial activity near ashram circle along

    north road due to restaurants and eateries

    owing to some amount of pedestrian activity.

    Active pedestrian pause points-

    Eateries

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    North road

    Chamrajpet,majestic

    Bulltempleroad

    DVGr

    oad

    ROAD NETWORK

    Bangalores road network consists of ring roads, sub

    arterial roads and residential streets. The city road

    network is mainly radial, converging in the centre. The

    main road of Bangalore coming into the city include

    Bellary road in the north, tumkur road and Mysoreroad is the west, Kanakpura road, Bannerghatta road

    and hosur road in the south and airport road and old

    madras road in the east.

    ROAD DISTANCE

    MAJESTIC B.S 5.9KMSATELLITE B.S. 3.1KM

    SHANTHINAGAR B.S 5.7KM

    CENTRAL RAILWAY ST. 5.7KM

    YESHWANTHPUR R.S 3.1 KM

    KR PURAM R.S 16.2 KM

    AIRPORT 39KM

    ITPL 23.5KM

    MG ROAD 8.7 KM

    MYSORE ROAD 2.3 KM

    METRO NETWORK

    Nearest metro station for

    study area will be lalbagh

    metro station

    (0.7km)which falls in

    north-south corridor of

    metro network

    NETWORK (MACRO LEVEL)

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    North road

    Chamrajpet,majestic

    Bulltempleroad

    DVGro

    ad

    LEGENDARTIRIAL ROAD

    SUB ARTIRIAL ROAD

    FEEDER ROAD

    CONSERVANCY LANE

    North road 16m

    Bulltempleroad16m D

    VGroad10m

    Hp samja road8M

    Towardschamarajapet

    Towards Lalbagh

    Visual showing perspective of road which

    fall under the study area

    All feeder roads cut

    across in a grid pattern,

    leading to collector

    road.

    Narrow roads leads to

    congestion, with on-

    street parking.

    Poor maintained

    pathways.

    Set backs have not

    been followed

    Towards hanumanthanagar

    GANDHI BAZAAR

    NORTH ROAD

    DVG ROAD

    HIERARCHY OF ROADS

    Site connectivity from macro to micro

    Key plan

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    TYPE VISUALS CHARACTERISTICS SECTIONS ISSUES

    Major arterial

    roads:

    -Vanivillas road

    -Bull temple road

    -16m WIDE

    -This is the major bus route to the

    neighbourhood

    -Two way traffic

    -Commercial activities along the

    stretch and residential at the rear.

    -2 wheeler and 4 wheeler parking on

    both the sides

    -Slow moving traffic at peek hours

    -Walkway along the road has many

    obstructions and the street furniture

    are worn out.

    Sub arterial roads:

    -Gandhi bazaar

    road

    -Dv gundappa road

    -10 TO 14 m WIDE

    - 2 way traffic.

    -Intersection of these roads form

    a major node

    -Mixed use development

    prominent along the Gandhi

    bazaar road.

    -Heavy traffic all through the day

    -The walkways along the road are too

    narrow.

    -At some points the walkways are

    occupied by hawkers.

    -4 wheeler parking on one side and 2

    wheeler parking on the other.

    -Heavy traffic .

    Collector roads: -10 m WIDE

    -Connects the Gandhi bazaar road

    to vanivillas road.

    -2 way traffic

    -It connects to the govt. High

    school

    -Low vehicular flow

    - Walkways provided along the road

    has many obstructions forcing thepedestrians to walk on the road

    -The road sides are used for parking

    -School zone

    Feeder roads:

    -Govindappa road

    -Hp samaia road

    Conservancy roads

    -8 m WIDE

    -These connect the collector road

    to the residential layout

    -Good pedestrian movement

    - 4 m WIDE-Low vehicular flow.

    -Runs within the residential area

    - Very low vehicular and

    pedestrian movement

    -No walkways provided along theroad.

    -Road sides used for parking by the

    residents.

    -

    -No walkways along the road.

    -Roadsides used for parking by the

    residents.

    -Garbage disposed along the sides

    -Very low pedestrian movement

    ,making the road unsafe.

    (No natural surveillance)

    CONSERVANCY

    ROAD

    FEEDER ROADS

    STREET CHARACTERS

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    NETWORK (MICRO LEVEL)

    Traffic intensity

    ActivenodesandstretchesBusroutes

    Intensity I

    Intensity II

    Intensity III

    Intensity IV

    Intensity V

    Active nodes

    Active stretches

    Active zone during festivities

    Bus stops

    Bus rotes

    2oom walkability distance

    The entire study area is well accessed with public

    transport system as bus.

    With a proximity distance of 200m radius from all

    bus stops around which are easily accessible

    This shows the various intensities traffic

    congestion lanes during the peak hours of the

    day.

    High intensity traffic can be seen on Gandhi

    bazaar road, bull temple road and north road.

    Some roads get affected only during the

    festivities.

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    LAND USE

    residential

    40%

    commerci

    al

    25%

    public

    15%

    road

    15%

    open

    5%

    EXISTING LANDUSE

    CONCLUSION

    With the development of area, this has strong land use

    change

    That developed from 1995 to existing cdp, few

    commercial establishments have

    Developed into residential and vice versa. Most of the

    open spaces have been converted

    Into public institutions.

    Land use analysis represents planned zones of residential, commercial and

    institution uses with little room for appropriations by inhabitants.

    In spite of geometric regularity and rigid zoning condition, appropriation of a very

    local scale could be observed near temples and market place.

    The geometry seems to be subdued by mental appropriations built around themajor nodes and landmarks.

    The individual residential villa are getting converted to apartments and the

    philanthropic institutions to community halls thus lending itself to the cultural

    landscape of the precincts.

    The educational institutional institutions with its less its less porous nature tend to

    disintegrate the urban fabric.

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    residential

    36%

    commerci

    al

    31%

    public

    5%road

    25%

    open

    3%

    residential

    40%

    commerci

    al

    25%

    public

    15%

    road

    15%

    open

    5%

    residential

    65%

    commercia

    l

    5%

    public

    10%road

    15%

    open

    5%

    CDP 1995 EXISTING LANDUSE CDP 2015

    -Gandhi bazaar was developed as a diagonal

    bazaar, hence was dominated by commercial

    activities

    -Situated in the heart of the city, hence housed

    traditional residential buildings

    -Wider road networks, hence more open spaces

    -Increase in residential seen, along with mixed

    use development

    -Increase in public spaces

    Commercial activities shifted to periphery

    -Projected to become completely residential

    apart from the diagonal stretch

    COMPARISION OF CDPs

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    Permissible Land Use in Residential main

    Transportation Zone (T1)

    Bus bays, Auto stand ,Bus shelters, Information kiosk

    Metro stations, parking areas

    Multi level car parking

    Filing Station, Service stations

    C1 (Commercial uses)

    Petty shops, stationery and milkbooth, vulcanizing shops

    tutorial centers not exceeding 50 sqm ,

    Hair dressing and beauty parlours

    Offices / clinics not exceeding 50sq m

    Tailoring , dry cleaners, Bakery and sweetmeat shops

    Pathological labs, Recreational Clubs

    C2

    Eateries such as darshinies tea stalls and takeaways

    Gyms, orphanages, old age home clinics

    Retail shops and hardware shops

    Banks ATMs Insurance and consulting and business offices

    Photo studio

    Job typing/computer training institutes, cyber caf

    Small repair centres electronic mechanical, automobile, etc

    Nursing homes/polyclinics/labs subject to min 300 sq m

    Plot size and NOC from PVB and with adequate parking

    Fuel stations and pumps, LPG storageKalyana mantapa

    All the uses of C1 are permitted

    I-1 House hold industries

    Tiny and House hold industries

    I-2 Service industries

    R &D labs, Test centres,IT,BT, BPO act ivities

    All uses included in the I-1 category

    U1 Urban amenities

    Sub office of utilities up to 50 sq m

    Police stations, Post offices

    Primary schools subject to space standards, Nursery Creches

    Parks play grounds and maidans

    Telecommunication/microwave under special caseSpastic Rhabilitation centres Orphanages, dispensaries

    Public distribution system Shops

    Fire stations, Bill collection centres

    Traffic and transport related facilities

    Places of worship, Dharmashala hostels, Dhobi ghat

    Broadcasting and tranmission stations, Public library

    U2 Urban amenities

    All uses of U1 are permissible

    Burial grounds, crematorium under special circumstances

    Nursery school subject to a plot size of min 300 sq m

    PERMISSIBLE LAND USE

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    FINE GRAIN DUE TO SMALLER PLOTS AND NARROW

    ROADS.

    VIOLATION OF BYE LAWS .

    THE PRIME LOCATION OF THE LAND HAS LED TO

    MIXED USED DEVELOPMENT TRANSFORMING THE

    URBAN GRAIN FROM COARSE TO FINE.

    THOUGH THE PERCENTAGE OF OPEN SPACE IS

    MORE THE COMPACTNESS OF THE BUILT UP AREA

    MAKES THIS MORE DENSE.

    THE WELL PLANNED LAYOUT CAN BE SEEN.

    LARGE PLOT SIZES SUCH AS 60X40

    AMALGAMATION OF PLOTS CAN BE SEEN IN THIS

    ZONE.

    SUFFICIENT AMOUNT OF SUN AND SHADE IS

    ACHIEVED.

    THE VOID ARE THE ROADS AND PUBLIC

    INSTITTIONAL GROUND.

    THE LAND USE MAP SHOWS THAT THE MAJOR

    PORTION IN THIS ZONE IS RESIDENTIAL AREA

    AND IT ALSO SHOWS THE GREEN SPACES

    WHICH ARE NOTHING BUT THE VOIDS IN FIGUREGROUND.

    NARROW ROADS,

    VIOLATION OF

    BUILDING BYE

    LAWS CAN BE

    SEEN. AS THERE IS

    NO SET BACK .

    RESIDENCES HERE

    SHARE A COMMON

    WALL. DUE TO THE

    SMALLER PLOT SIZE

    WHICH ADDS FURTHER

    TO THE FINE GRAIN OF

    THE AREA.

    FIGURE GROUND HERE CLEARLY

    SHOWS TWO DISTINCT

    TYPOLOGIES OF URBAN VOID.

    STREETS AS LINEAR GRIDS AND

    LARGE OPEN SPACE AS THE

    TEMPLE PREMISES, PLAY

    GROUNDS AND PARKS.

    LANDUSE MAP

    THE BUIDLINGS ARE DENSELY

    DEVELOPED OVER THE YEARS

    DUE TO THE PROXIMITY TO

    THE MAIN ROAD AND

    INCREASE IN LAND VALUE.

    65%

    35%

    built unbulit

    FIGURE GROUND

    THIS SECTION SHOWS THE WIDE ROAD ANDPEDESTRIAN PATHWAY

    WIDE ROADS ADDS TO THE PERCENT OF

    VOIDS AND A SMALL GROUND TOO ADDS

    TO IT.

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    Most accessed

    Conditional access

    least accessed

    Urban solids. The figure ground diagram represent

    only two urban solid typologies such as the larger

    footprints of institutions and the fine grain of the

    residential fabric.

    Certain areas are seen as more accessible, while in

    certain others, there are very accessible solids. The

    diagonal spine seems to be more public then other

    areas.

    Urban voids. The figure ground diagram

    clearly represents distinct typologies of urban

    voids. The y include the streets as al linear

    grid system and the large patches of

    institutional area and open pockets.

    Voids include linear grid of street network, the

    large patches of institutional area and thenunclassified voids and conservancy lanes.

    FIGURE GROUND

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    BYE LAWS

    Site

    Dimension Set Backs Area FAR

    Ht. of

    Building Car Park

    20X 30 1m front

    1m

    Back 1m right side

    Left side

    abut 600 sft 1.75 11.5 m 1 car park

    30 X 40

    1.5m

    front

    1m

    Back 1mright side 1m Left side1200

    sft 1.75 11.5 m 1 car park

    40X 60

    2.2 m

    front

    1m

    Back 1m right side 1m Left side

    2400

    sft 1.75 11.5 m 2 car park

    REPRESENTATION FOR THE VIOLATED EXTENT

    APPLICABLE REGULATIONS

    SETBACK TO BE 5M FOR BUILDING ABOVE 11.5M

    FAR VIOLATIONS EXIST FOR BUILDINGS ABOVE 3

    FLOORS

    NO LAND USE VIOLATIONS SEEN THE STUDY AREA

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    BUILDING USE AT GROUND FLOOR LEVEL

    The study area is basically a

    residential layout. There is mixed use

    development like- residence+ retail

    shops, residence+small scale

    industries

    The area connects surrounding area

    to the city centre .That being the

    reason for the development of DVG

    road and Gandhi bazaar and

    conversion of building activity from

    residential to commercial

    The buildings have seen the

    morphological change from

    residential use to converted

    commercial activity in the ground

    floor. Above floors occupiesresidences.

    INFERENCE:

    1.THERE IS A GROWING DEMAND FOR THE

    COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY ON THE GANDHI

    BAZAAR ROAD AND DVG ROAD.2.THE SOCIO ECONOMIC SURVEY ALSO

    CONVEY THAT THE LOCALITES PREFER

    SHOPPING LOCALLY.

    COMMERCIAL SHOP

    SMALL SCALE

    INDUSTRIES

    RESIDENCIAL

    EDUCATIONAL

    TEMPLE

    ENTERTAINMENT

    Residential

    Commercial

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    Institutional-school

    Public- religious building

    Parks and open spaces

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    BUILDING TYPOLOGIES

    Observation:

    Commercial buildings located along street edges

    Residential in the interiors

    Public buildings provide gathering space and open

    space to the site

    Spacious villas have been converted into apartments

    Inference

    Main Roads attract commercial activity due to

    pedestrian movement and interaction

    10%

    25%

    10%30%

    10%

    8%

    3% 3% 1%

    Commercial shop

    Commercial shop- IT

    Residence- apartments

    Residence- bungalow

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    BUILDING HEIGHTS

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    BUILDING HEIGHTS

    INFERENCE:

    1. MORE THAN 50% OF THE AREA IS

    DOMINANTLY G+1 STRUCTURES.

    2. G+3 & 4 WERE CONSTRUCTED AFTER

    2000 AD

    3. INCREASING LAND VALUE HAS GIVEN

    RISE TO ADDITIONAL

    FLOORS.

    The urban fabric

    represents a medium

    density low risedevelopment with trends

    of increasing building

    heights and hence built

    density

    The study area is moderately

    dense zone

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    The colors of Gandhi

    bazaar

    ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

    Gandhi Bazaar has lively shopping interactions and is a place to be a

    part of. On any given day of the year, the Bazaar opens at six in the

    morning and closes at nine in the evening.

    The paths that take one towards the bazaar are territorialized by theinformal sector, the paths within the market itself are patterns of human

    interaction

    The vendor displays are simple creations that are changing and

    transforming themselves to attract and to sell better.

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    ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

    The user groups in a street bazaar may consist of the 'shoppers' who come for a specific purpose; the

    'strollers' who come to be in the lively space; the 'shop-owners', who depend on the activity for their

    economic sustenance and the 'hawkers' who are the informal counterparts.

    Looking through the labyrinth of Flower-

    sellers in the Gandhi Bazaar.

    Gandhi Bazaar and its pattern of boundaries decided

    by pedestrians and street vendors. When this

    territory is threatened by cars and two-wheelers, it is

    informally defended

    A Granthige store (selling puja items) in

    Gandhi bazaar extends into the sidewalk,expanding its display and building a

    relationship with the pedestrian.

    Livelihoods of street vendors depend on their

    ability to adapt to the place, the season and thebuying capacity of the customer.

    It is a bazaar for flowers and a bazaar for puja items. These are two

    important elements of a Temple bazaar anywhere in India. The

    Gandhi Bazaar is perhaps different from the Temple bazaar in other

    parts of the where the bazaars are streets that lead right up to the

    temple or the However, from what it sells and from its geography, one

    could assume that it is a Temple Bazaar that is gradually being

    penetrated with modern-day consumerism

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    INFERENCE: DUE TO MORE PUBLIC GATHERING DURING FESTIVALS LEADS TO TRAFFIC CONGESTION, INSUFFICIENT

    PARKING PLACE AND HAWKERS OCCUPYING THE STREET.

    Yearly activities

    Daily activities

    Sunday Market

    Thursdays religious activities

    takes precedence in Gandhi

    bazaar

    ( because of the matt)

    Saturdays, increase in

    shopping activity

    ( by virtue of a weekend)

    Kadlekai Parishay Gandhi Bazaar known for

    poojaitems, hence during

    religious festivals, main roads

    are lit with festive lights, and

    the streets reflect the festive

    spirit

    Office related activitiestakesprecedence over shopping

    Shopping restricted to daily

    needs

    Traffic a major problem duringpeak hours, hence Gandhi

    Bazaar road clogged

    Weekly activities

    ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

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    ACTIVITIES ON GANDHI BAZAAR ROAD

    .

    Pedestrians in a particular zone has

    increased to a great extent and when the

    footpath, if it exists is either too narrow or has

    been occupied for another use.

    Once the street vendors create an informal

    street bazaar, pedestrians gradually start to

    use the adjoining road to walk and the

    footpath to shop. This leads to traffic

    congestion. More often than not, this

    arrangement continues and both vendors and

    buyers adjust to the new routine. In this

    process, there are several stages spread over

    a period of time that have resulted in a chaotic

    bazaar street.

    OBSERVATIONS

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    ACTIVITY MAPPING

    Male

    Female

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    ACTIVITY MAPPING

    Passer-by

    Local

    Tourists

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    ACTIVITY MAPPING

    0-18

    above 50

    18-50

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    MAJOR TRAFFIC

    MOVEMENT

    LEAST TRAFFIC

    MOVEMENT

    MODERATE

    TRAFFIC

    MOVEMENT

    MAJOR CLOGGING

    ZONES

    TRAFFIC SIGNALS

    TRAFFIC GENERATORS

    Parking along the major roads

    at present is creating traffic

    congestion during peak hours.Due to less parking, public is

    forced to park along the feeder

    road causing disturbance to the

    residence.

    ramakrishna Ashram

    Parking on shankar matt road

    shankar matt signal

    Gandhi bazaar circle

    Shankara matt

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    MAJOR PEDESTRIAN

    MOVEMENT

    RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY

    PEDESTRIAN

    GENERATORS

    RECREATION AND

    EATERIES ACTIVITY

    GENERATORS

    STREET HAWKERS

    WHICH

    GENERATE

    PEDESTRIAN

    MOVEMENT

    MAJOR PEDESTRIAN

    THREATS

    MAJOR PEDESTRIAN

    MOVEMENT

    INTITUTIONAL ACTIVITYWHICH GENERATES

    PEDESTRIANS

    PEDESTRIAN GENERATORS

    Some of the prominent roads public take to

    walk is that of Gandhi bazaar main road and

    DVG Road for commercial activity, andvegetable market.

    And other linear roads to access public

    spaces and residential properties. Some of

    the major pedestrian generators are-

    Ramakrishna ashram, circle, vegetable

    market, eateries like vidhyarthi bhavan

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    IMAGEABILITY OF LOCAL RESIDENTS

    CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

    REGIONAL NODES

    LOCAL NODES

    INACTIVE NODE

    NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING

    FEAR

    MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND

    ACTIVE STREETS

    REGIONAL MARKERS

    CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

    BUS STOPS

    AUTO RICKSHAW

    STANDS

    INFERENCE:

    The majority of neighborhood

    area is legible as there are clear

    continuous connected roads.

    The similarity in texture and

    grain in majority of

    neighborhood area makes the

    Area more legible.

    REGIONAL MARKERS

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    IMAGEABILITY OF PASSERBY

    CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

    REGIONAL NODES

    LOCAL NODES

    INACTIVE NODE

    NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING

    FEAR

    MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND

    ACTIVE STREETS

    REGIONAL MARKERS

    CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

    BUS STOPS

    AUTO RICKSHAW

    STANDS

    Passerby uses minor landmarks to orient

    himself in the area

    Major paths and nodes to direct himself to

    the area.

    Inference:1.The passerby can navigate

    himself through the study area

    comfortably due to various minor

    landmarks in the area.

    2. The well connected road within the area

    and to the neighboring areas makes

    passerby comfortable to move.

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    IMAGEABILITY OF TOURISTS

    CITY LEVEL JUNCTIONS

    REGIONAL NODES

    LOCAL NODES

    INACTIVE NODE

    NEGATIVE EDGES INDUCING FEAR

    MAJOR BOULEVARDS AND ACTIVE

    STREETS

    REGIONAL MARKERS

    CITY LEVEL LANDMARKS

    BUS STOPS

    AUTO RICKSHAW STANDS

    Tourist is able to find way due to

    clear nodes near Ramakrishna

    ashram and Gandhi bazaar circle.

    Tourist identify the eateries such as

    vidyarthi bhavan as nodes

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    SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE

    Cultural spaces

    Petrol bunks

    Bus stops

    Nursing home/ clinics

    College/school

    banks

    Police station

    Post office

    Radius 1.5 km

    Study area

    PARAMETERS STRENGTH WEAKNESS OPPORTUNITY THREAT

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    1. LOCATION Site is located in a predominantly

    residential neighborhood well

    connected to the main CBD.

    One of the oldest and earliest

    neighborhood in the city.

    2. ROAD NETWORKS The site area is abutting four major

    roads connecting to the city:

    Bull Temple Road

    Gandhi Bazaar Main Road ,D V G Road

    North Road.

    Many wide roads interlink the area.

    Conservancy lanes create negative

    spaces and are inaccessible.

    Major junctions like Ramakrishna

    ashram circle and Gandhi bazaar

    circle create confusion.

    Conservancy lanes need to be

    active and must be integrated into

    the network of roads.

    The conservancy lanes pose a threat

    for the safety of the residents if not

    integrated efficiently. They could turn

    into an anti-social space.

    3. TRANSIT FACILITIES Public transit facilities and Para transit

    modes are easily available. Nearest

    bus stops are on all major roads.

    Nearest metro is proposed on the

    fringe of basavangudi connecting KR

    Market and Jayanagar.

    Bus stops are not maintained. The

    transit stop at north road and

    Ramakrishna ashram do not have a

    proper bust shelter and signage are

    not there to help guide people.

    Opportunity to encourage people

    to use these common public

    transport facilities and reduce

    traffic.

    Bus shelters and other public transit

    facilities need to be more legible and

    visible to the public in order to use

    them.

    4. SOCIAL

    INFRASTRUCTURE

    Several significant institutions are

    located in the vicinity. (Ramakrishna

    Ashram and govt. girls school).

    Lack of accessible public spaces and

    amenities such as drinking water,

    public toilets, street furniture,waste bins etc.

    Lack of recreation and

    entertainments facilities.

    Opportunity to provide recreational

    and entertainment facilities.

    5. VEHICULAR TRAFFIC Two way roads.

    Flyover on north road considerably

    regulates traffic.

    Public transit facilities on these roads

    considerably reduces overall

    congestion.

    Dense vehicular movement

    throughout the day as there are

    four important roads abutting the

    site which have dense commercial

    activity.

    Traffic at junctions is maximum and

    leads to lot of confusion.

    Vehicular traffic needs to be

    managed efficiently during festive

    seasons like ganesh puja and kadlekai

    parishe when the character of the

    streets completely change and light

    up.

    6. EDGES AND NODES The school edge creates a notional

    boundary bifurcating the area into

    two.

    The govt girls high school creates a

    bad, negative edge to the

    neighborhood and draws a lot of

    anti-social activity.

    The edges need to be more porous

    and interactive in order to be less

    anti-social.

    They should be integrated into the

    network of

    SWOT ANALYSIS

    PARAMATERS STRENGTH WEAKNESS OPPORTUNITY THREAT

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    7. PEDESTRIAN

    MOVEMENT

    Wide sidewalks have been provided on the

    main roads. Sidewalks on north road have

    rest stops and benches for pedestrians to sit

    and relax.

    Side-walks are not barrier-free.

    They are encroached by hawkers

    and street vendors with very little

    space left for pedestrians to walk

    freely.

    Opportunity to pedestrianize the

    Gandhi bazaar main road which is

    mainly a hub for street market and

    street vendors.

    Create spaces for hawkers and

    pedestrians to interact and at the

    same time allow for free

    movement of the people.

    8. PARKING Inadequate parking. Predominantly

    parallel and 45deg. Parking. Takes

    up a lot of space on the main roads

    and increases traffic congestion.

    To create sufficient parking spaces.

    Encourage people to adopt public

    means of transport.

    Vehicular parking can turn out to

    be a serious issue if not addressed

    immediately and can lead to more

    congestion

    9.CULTURAL AND

    RELIGIOUS HUB

    The neighborhood marks the religious and

    traditional landscape of the city. Residents

    associate with and take pride in these

    religious landmarks which define the

    precinct.

    Several old temples and religious institutions

    are present in the precinct.

    The predominantly conservative

    attitude of the residents may

    create boundaries.

    Opportunity to create interactive

    spaces for the conservative

    residents and open minded,

    modern outlook individuals to

    encourage the growth and uphold

    the significance of culture that is so

    dear to the people of the precinct.

    The rich cultural and religious

    background of the area can be

    reflected by developing the

    significant religious institutions of

    the precinct.

    Influence of western culture may

    threaten the diminishing

    significance of culture and tradition

    as the neighborhood strives to

    adapt to the modern ways of living.

    10. URBAN SPACES

    11. HISTORICITY Basavanagudi is the earliest and oldest

    planned neighborhood in the city.Many religious landmarks are present here.

    Several structures of monumental value are

    present here.

    Access to these religious

    institutions are not good.

    Opportunity to encourage tourism

    by making these institutionsaccessible and visible.

    Increasing modernization and need

    for newer buildings and growingpopulation put these buildings in a

    threat for demolition.

    12. BUILT VS OPEN The presence of many parks and community

    spaces (especially around religious

    institutions) have led to a positive interface

    of built with open.

    Lack of connectivity between open

    and built environment.

    Integrate these open spaces and

    improve accessibility and visibility

    of open spaces.

    Many vast spaces remain

    underutilized due to limited

    accessibility and poor visibility.

    SWOT ANALYSIS

    PARAMETERS STRENGTH WEAKNESS OPPORTUNITY THREAT

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    13. LAND USE The land use along main roads are mostly

    commercial catering to the residents. and the

    inner core of the neighborhood is predominantly

    residential.

    There are several religious institutions as well.

    14. AGE OF STRUCTURES Several old buildings can be seen in the vicinity.

    Several are independent bungalows with large

    backyards and verandahs; and several old

    temples which form important landmarks of the

    neighborhood as well as the city.

    These buildings are a major factor in creating the

    image of the neighborhood.

    Several of these bungalows are built on

    large pieces of land and are being torn

    down owing to the vulnerability of the

    structure, growing land value and

    demand, increasing population etc.

    They are being replaced by newer

    buildings with modern technology.

    These buildings form an intrinsic part of

    our heritage and have a great

    opportunity to be preserved and

    restored.

    If not restored, these buildings face a

    major threat of demolition.

    15. OPEN SPACES Several open spaces are available in the form of

    community parks enhancing the quality of living

    in the neighborhood.

    They are well connected and easily accessible.

    There are no open spaces on the main

    roads.

    Several open spaces and green pockets

    are alive due to institutions. They can be

    made more visible and porous .

    The open spaces face a threat due to

    increasing demand for land to build.

    16. VEGETATION Gandhi bazaar and basavanagudi are known fortheir tree lined streets and eye catching

    boulevards.

    Presence of Several institutions and parks in the

    precinct have kept green pockets alive

    Several trees create obstructions on theroad or sidewalks.

    Due to their large spread of roots, roads

    are easily damaged and need repair

    every 6 months or one year.

    Deforestation on the grounds of roadwidening poses a great threat to the

    vegetation

    17.POLLUTION Huge traffic creates a lot of noise and air

    pollution for the residents.

    Plant more trees to reduce pollution

    18.WASTE MANAGEMENT Poor waste management. Many garbage

    dumps can be seen lined along gandhi

    bazaar main road and north roadConservancy lanes are also a dumping

    ground due to their inactive nature.

    The negative edge of the institution also

    becomes difficult to walk along because

    of the stench.

    Waste bins are not provided anywhere

    in the vicinity.

    Most residents also dump their waste

    on the roads near big trees.

    Waste management poses a major

    threat to the health and hygiene of the

    residents if not addressed immediately.

    SWOT ANALYSIS

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    CONCLUSION

    CONCLUSION:

    The area of Gandhi Bazaar which was the centre of socio-cultural landscape in the

    past has now lost its significance as a temple bazaar, but not in entirity..

    The study of neighbourhood of Gandhi Bazaar helped us to understand the not just

    the evolution of the neighbourhood but in doing so we discovered its link to theevolution of Bangalore as city of strategic of thr area.

    Through our study of the history, evolution, morphology, network and activity

    patterns, building forms, we realized although most things have changed over the

    centuries the patterns largely remain the same.

    The neighbourhood with three temples and surrounding settlements is an interesting

    study of landmarks, nodes, edges and paths.

    Perceptions of safety and accessibility vary with the users.The challenge is to better

    integrate the fragmented parts of the neighborhood suchs public squares, parks,

    pedestrian pathways into a more interactive whole.

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    Thank you

    Presented by

    Shweta Gaadey

    Karunya Subramanian

    Krithika Samavedula

    Namita Paul

    Nithesh MRam Sundar

    Smruthi Mohan

    Shamna Yaseen

    Shikha Choudhary