The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the ... The Interim Economic Partnership...

download The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the ... The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements

of 320

  • date post

    23-Mar-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    0
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the ... The Interim Economic Partnership...

  • The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and African States Contents, challenges and prospects

    Edited by Sanoussi Bilal and Christopher Stevens

    Policy Management Report 17

    European Centre for Development Policy Management Centre européen de gestion des politiques de développement

  • The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between

    the EU and African States:

    Contents, challenges and prospects

    Edited by Sanoussi Bilal and Christopher Stevens

    ECDPM and ODI

    July 2009

  • The ECDPM acknowledges the support it receives for its work from the Ministries of Foreign Affairs in Finland, Luxemburg, the Netherlands and Sweden, the Directorate-General for Development Cooperation in Belgium, Irish Aid, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, the Instituto Português de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento in Portugal, and the Department for International Development in the United Kingdom.

    Disclaimer This report provides the fi ndings from a study commissioned and funded by the Department for Sustainable Economic Development (DDE), Directorate General for International Co-operation (DGIS), Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands and undertaken by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and the European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM). The views expressed are those of the authors, and do not necessarily refl ect those of the Ministry.

    Copyright © 2009 Prior permission is not required for quoting, translating or reproducing part of the contents of this publication, provided the source is fully acknowledged as follows: Bilal s. and C. Stevens (edited by). 2009. The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and African States: Contents, challenges and prospects. (ECDPM Policy Management Report 17). Maastricht: ECDPM. www.ecdpm.org/pmr17

    Photo ECDPM, Francesco Rampa (Market in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia)

    ISBN: 978-90-72908-40-7

  • iii

    www.ecdpm.org/pmr17 The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and African States

    Table of contents List of acronyms ........................................................................................................................v List of tables ..........................................................................................................................vii List of boxes ...........................................................................................................................Ix Executive summary ....................................................................................................................1

    1. Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 10 1.1 The scope of the book ...................................................................................................................... 10 1.2 The approach ....................................................................................................................................... 11

    Part 1. Where we are and how we got here ....................................................... 13 2. Overview of the negotiating process and outcome ........................................................ 14 2.1 The road to December 2007 ........................................................................................................... 14 2.2 The discussion continues in 2008 ..................................................................................................17 2.3 Which countries have initialled? ................................................................................................... 19 2.4 The regional picture .........................................................................................................................23 2.5 The broad pattern of African liberalisation ...............................................................................25 3. How we got here .............................................................................................................. 32 3.1 The EPA negotiations: a turbulent process ................................................................................. 33 3.2 The political dynamics .....................................................................................................................43

    4. Contentious issues ...........................................................................................................62 4.1 ‘Substantially all trade’ and transition periods for tariff liberalisation .............................. 62 4.2 Standstill .............................................................................................................................................67 4.3 Export taxes ....................................................................................................................................... 70 4.4 National treatment principle in goods ........................................................................................74 4.5 Free circulation of goods and regional preference ...................................................................76 4.6 Safeguards and infant industry provisions ............................................................................... 80 4.7 Most favoured nation ......................................................................................................................85 4.8 Non-execution clause ...................................................................................................................... 91 4.9 Rules of origin .................................................................................................................................. 92 4.10 Other contentious issues ................................................................................................................95

    Part 2. The IEPAs liberalisation commitments ..................................................99 5. The ACP liberalisation commitments .............................................................................100 5.1 The IEPA main texts ....................................................................................................................... 100

  • iv

    The Interim Economic Partnership Agreements between the EU and African States www.ecdpm.org/pmr17

    5.2 Methodology for analysing liberalisation schedules ............................................................ 106 5.3 Cameroon .......................................................................................................................................... 110 5.4 Côte d’Ivoire .......................................................................................................................................119 5.5 Ghana ................................................................................................................................................. 125 5.6 EAC ................................................................................................................................................. 130 5.7 ESA ................................................................................................................................................. 136 5.8 SADC ..................................................................................................................................................161

    6. Provisions on ACP exports ...............................................................................................179 6.1 EU treatment of exports from IEPA signatories ...................................................................... 179 6.2 EU treatment of exports from non-EPA signatories ..............................................................188

    Part 3. The Way Forward ................................................................................... 191 7. Options on the way forward and challenges to be expected ....................................... 192 7.1 Available trade regimes ................................................................................................................. 192 7.2 Regional scope of agreements .................................................................................................... 202 7.3 Possible scenarios for the African negotiating regions ........................................................204

    8. Aid for Trade modalities ...................................................................................................217 8.1 Scope and levels of Aid for Trade .................................................................................................219 8.2 Quality of Aid for Trade and effective delivery mechanisms .............................................. 229 8.3 The way forward: windows of opportunity in 2009 ..............................................................235

    References ........................................................................................................................244 Appendixes ........................................................................................................................ 259 Appendix 1. Data issues ............................................................................................................... 260 Appendix 2. Supplementary BLNS tables.................................................................................264 Appendix 3. Summary of key provisions in the IEPA texts .................................................. 274 Appendix 4. Comparative analysis of the IEPA texts .....................