Potential to Emit Workbook 2012-12-05آ  potential to emit . air contaminants. Your potential to...

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Transcript of Potential to Emit Workbook 2012-12-05آ  potential to emit . air contaminants. Your potential to...

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    November

    2005

    Michigan Department of Environmental Quality Environmental Science and Services Division Clean Air Assistance Program

    Jennifer M. Granholm, Governor Steven E. Chester, Director

    www.michigan.gov/deq (800) 662-9278

    changy Text Box http://www.michigan.gov/documents/deq/deq-ess-caap-pte-workbook-all_281896_7.pdf (03/01/11)

  • AUTHORITY: PA 451 of 1994, as amended TOTAL COPIES: 300 TOTAL COST: $1,372.21 COST PER COPY: $4.57 Michigan Department of Environmental Quality PRINTED ON RECYCLED PAPER

    The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) will not discriminate against any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, religion, age, national origin, color, marital status, disability or political beliefs. Questions or concerns should be directed to the MDEQ Office of Human Resources, P.O. Box 30473, Lansing, MI 48909.

  • PPootteennttiiaall ttoo EEmmiitt WWoorrkkbbooookk

    The Potential to Emit Workbook – A Practical Guide to Calculating and Evaluating Your Potential to Emit Air Contaminants was developed by the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ), Environmental Science and Services Division, Clean Air Assistance Program in conjunction with the Air Quality Division. The Workbook is designed to help you understand an important aspect of your business – your facility’s potential to emit air contaminants. Your potential to emit (PTE) affects the regulatory status of your business, as well as its compliance requirements with both federal and state regulations. This workbook will help you understand why determining PTE is important and take you step- by-step through calculating your facility’s PTE. It will also help you evaluate your PTE to determine if you are a major or minor source of air pollution and which options will best lead you to compliance with the regulations. For questions or concerns regarding this publication or for any information contained within, please contact the Environmental Assistance Center at (800) 662-9278. This workbook can be accessed on the Internet at www.michigan.gov/deqair (select “Clean Air Assistance” then “Potential to Emit”).

    Note: This publication was developed for guidance purposes only. Since every situation cannot be addressed in this book, the DEQ, Air Quality Division (AQD) may require that you use an alternative method to calculate your PTE. If you have specific questions related to calculating the PTE for your facility, it is recommended that you contact your AQD district office for guidance. District office contact information can be found in Appendix E of this workbook.

    For more information about calculating PTE, including U.S. Environmental Protection Agency guidance and several PTE calculation worksheets, visit the Clean Air Assistance Program’s Potential to Emit website: www.michigan.gov/deqair (select “Clean Air Assistance” then “Potential to Emit”).

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS Part 1: Introduction to Potential to Emit

    What is the purpose of this document?................................................................ 1-1 What is potential to emit?..................................................................................... 1-1

    Why is applicability to many regulations based on my facility’s PTE and not actual emissions? ................................................................................................ 1-1

    What pollutants are regulated? ............................................................................ 1-2 What does it mean if my facility is a “major source” of a pollutant? ..................... 1-3

    Part 2: How to Calculate Potential to Emit Step 1 – Conduct a Facility Inventory .................................................................. 2-1 Do I Need to Include Fugitive Emissions?............................................. 2-3 Insignificant Activities ............................................................................ 2-4 Step 2 – Categorize Emission Sources (permitted, grandfathered, or exempt) ... 2-8

    Step 3 – Identify Legally Enforceable Limitations .............................................. 2-10

    Permit Conditions ................................................................................ 2-10 State and Federal Rules...................................................................... 2-10

    Step 4 – Identify the Emission Calculation Methods You Will Use..................... 2-13

    Legally Enforceable Limitations........................................................... 2-13 Performance Test Data ....................................................................... 2-14 Mass Balance...................................................................................... 2-15 Emission Factors ................................................................................. 2-15 Step 5 – Gather Data About Each Emission Source ......................................... 2-18 Step 6 – Calculate the PTE for Each Emission Source ..................................... 2-19 The PTE Equation ............................................................................... 2-19 Bottlenecks.......................................................................................... 2-20 Determining What Pollutants are Emitted............................................ 2-20

    COATING BOOTHS 1 – 3 ................................................................... 2-21 OVEN .................................................................................................. 2-22 MAINTENANCE BOOTH..................................................................... 2-23 PRINTING ........................................................................................... 2-24 287(C) BOOTH.................................................................................... 2-25 COLD CLEANERS .............................................................................. 2-26 CLEANUP............................................................................................ 2-27 GRINDER............................................................................................ 2-28 WELDING............................................................................................ 2-29 BOILER ............................................................................................... 2-30 GENERATOR...................................................................................... 2-31 Step 7 – Calculate the PTE for the Facility ........................................................ 2-32

  • Part 3: Major or Minor Source Major Source Requirements ................................................................................ 3-2 Part 4: How to Avoid Being a Major Source Rule 208a............................................................................................................. 4-1 Opt-Out Permit ..................................................................................................... 4-2 How to Complete an Opt-Out Permit Application................................................. 4-3 APPENDIX A: Rules Cited APPENDIX B: Potential to Emit Summary Worksheet APPENDIX C: Rule 208a Initial Registration APPENDIX D: Permit to Install Application APPENDIX E: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, District Offices APPENDIX F: Resources

  • Potential to Emit Workbook 1-1

    While actual emissions are based on the amount of pollutants your source emits under normal operating conditions using actual usage data, PTE refers to the maximum amount of pollutants that your facility could release into the air based on the capacity of the processes.

    Part 1: Introduction to Potential to Emit What is the purpose of this document? The applicability of some air quality requirements is based upon a facility’s potential to emit (PTE) air pollutants. The greater your PTE, the more likely you are subject to the regulations. This document will help you understand what PTE is, how it is calculated, and what air regulations are based on PTE. Since PTE can be a difficult concept to comprehend, you may wish to contact the Michigan Clean Air Assistance Program at (800) 662-9278 with questions you have as you read this document. What is PTE? The definition for PTE is contained in R 336.1116(m) or Rule 116 (m) of the Michigan Air Pollution Control Rules (see Appendix A). To put it simply, PTE is the maximum amount of air contaminants that your source could emit if:

    • each process is operated at 100% of its design capacity; • each process operated 24 hours/day, 365 days/year; • materials that emit the most air contaminants are used or processed 100% of the time; and • air pollution control equipment is turned off.

    However, as you will see in Part 2 of this workbook, process bottlenecks, permit conditions, air quality rules, and compliance/enforcement documents may legally restrict the capacity of your facility to emit an air contaminant. Why is applicability to many regulations based on my facility’s PTE and not actual emissions? PTE