ÒMultifunctional Buildings in S‰o Paulo: styles, building ...info. file2005 Instituto...

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  • Instituto Presbiteriano MackenzieInstituto Presbiteriano MackenzieInstituto Presbiteriano MackenzieInstituto Presbiteriano MackenzieInstituto Presbiteriano Mackenzie2005 June 20th - 22nd Vienna University of Technology - Vienna, Austria

    Nowadays, at its 450 years, São Paulo, Brasil, is one of the biggestcities in the world. Actually it is the third biggest urban concentration and has been the heart of the Brazilian’s economic development during all the XX Century.

    But the landscape of the city that we can see now has been built since the second half of the XIX Century, when the São Paulo Railway started to operate its very important connection between the small capital, at the top of Serra do Mar, and the port of Santos, allowing the increment of the most important economic activity of the State of São Paulo on those days: the coffee’s exportation.

    However, not only the coffee would be transported up the hills through this railroad: by the same way new people and new ideas also got to the land of the “Fields of Piratininga”, the first name of that village, starting one of the most fascinating chapter of the modern Brazilian’s history: the saga built by lots of immigrants coming from Europe and Japan to win the challenge of remake their lives, constructing a New World in America.

    This wonderful history can be told by many ways and certainly oneof them, is through the history of the city’s buildings, studying their several aspects as styles, building techniques and their relationship with the public space, specially streets and neighborhood around each one. A very good subject to understand the enormous present challenges of this big city and so on, a good subject to be focused by a researcher team of professors of the 6th semester of the Design Studio course in a São Paulo’s School of Architecture and Urbanism.

    Thus, since last year, this team has been structuring a research in order to construct a memory reference of those buildings, specially focusing the multifunctional ones - what means buildings where residential, commercial and business functions share the same edifice. This special interest on multifunctional buildings is based on the fact that they represent a new paradigm of living in the city, brought by the Industrial Revolution, which is being reconsidered nowadays as a solution to the revitalization and reoccupation of the big cities central areas.

    In order to achieve this task, the research was divided in two branches,involving two multidisciplinary group in different goals: one of them working with the research’s methodology aspects, defining steps, criteria, and the roll of the data to constitute the database which is in construction by the other group to support the final products of this all effort: a book making a deep reflection about this kind of building and its meaning in a taking-off country nowadays complemented by a Website where people will interact with digital models of the buildings, watch videos and interviews with professionals who were involved in their planning and construction steps and get in touch with their drafts, from the first sketches till the technical documentation, and also having information about a complementary reference of each building.

    Besides the work itself, another interesting aspect about this project is that it involves not only professors but also their students who, during the course, work on searching for information, what gives them a very interesting idea about the city where they lives, as well as introducing them in the scientific world of the researches activities.

    That is what we present now in the CAADFuture 2005: an overviewof this research, in order to discuss our efforts in this international scientific forum, checking its results and possibilities.

    “Multifunctional Buildings in São Paulo:“Multifunctional Buildings in São Paulo:“Multifunctional Buildings in São Paulo:“Multifunctional Buildings in São Paulo:“Multifunctional Buildings in São Paulo:

    styles, building techniques and context”styles, building techniques and context”styles, building techniques and context”styles, building techniques and context”styles, building techniques and context”

    Eduardo Sampaio Nardelli - Maria Isabel Villac - Cristiane Gallinaro Flamínio Carlos -Júlio Luiz Vieira Luiz Flávio Gaggetti -Júlio Cezar Bernardes Pinto Augusto França Neto - João Manoel Quadros Barros