LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS Au cours de ces derniأ¨res annأ©es, j’ai...

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Transcript of LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS Au cours de ces derniأ¨res annأ©es, j’ai...

  • LIST OF IRREGULAR VERBS

    Au cours de ces dernières années, j’ai vu plusieurs versions scannées de la liste des verbes

    irréguliers du Cleasby-Vigfusson. Elles sont pleines de fautes dues au scan et ne sont donc pas

    trop utiles aux débutants égarés dans le multi-espace de la conjugaison des verbes norrois.

    Depuis j’ai passé un nombre d’heures énorme à corriger toutes ces erreurs. J’ai enfin atteint un

    stade où je puis affirmer qu’il en reste très peu, aucune serait sur-optimiste. En voici une version

    pdf cherchable. Si vous désirez compléter mon travail d’une façon ou une autre, envoyez-moi un

    email et je vous ferai parvenir une version docx.

    Si vous trouvez un faute dans cette version, envoyez-moi un email la signalant et je l’inclurai de

    suite dans le texte. Votre nom sera alors ajouté à une liste de contributeurs si vous le désirez.

    Yves Kodratoff

    Vous pouvez m’envoyer un courriel à

    yvekod ‘arobase’ gmail ‘dot’ com

    Infinitive (def. = defective)

    Pres. sing -

    Pres. plur. (1st)

    Pret. 1 st -

    Pret. 2 nd

    Pret.

    plur. 3 rd

    Subj. Pret. 3rd Past Part.

    aka (to drive) ek - ökum ók - óku œki ekinn

    ala (to feed, beget) el - ölum ó1 - ólu œli alinn

    auka (to eke,

    augment)

    eyk - aukum jók - jóku jyki aukinn

    ausa (to sprinkle) eys - ausum jós - jósu eysi, jysi ausinn

    (bauta, to beat) def. - bautu - bautinn

    belgja (to swell) def. - - bolginn

    bella (to bit) def. bellr - ball -

    BERA (to bear) berr - bar - bart báru &

    baóru

    bæri borinn

    berja (to beat) berr - berjum barði - börðu berði barðr, bart

    biðja (to beg) bið - biðjum bað - batt báðu bæði beðinn

    binda (to bind) bind - batt - batzt bundu byndi bundinn

    bíða (to bide, wait) bíð - beið - beitt biðu biði beðið

    bíta (to bite) bít - beit - beizt bitu biti bit.inn

    bjarga (to save) bergr -

    björgum

    barg - bargt burgu byrgi borginn

    bjóða (to bid) býð - bjóðum bauð - bautt buðu byði boðinn

    (bjúga, to bend) def. - - bugusk boginn

    blanda (to blend) blend -

    blöndum

    blétt - blézt blendu blandinn

    blása (to blow) blæs - blásum blés - blést blésu blési blásinn

    bleðja (to lop) def. bleðr - (bladdi) -

  • blíkja (to blink) def. blíkir - bliku

    blóta (to worship,

    sacrifice)

    blœt - blét - blézt blétu bléti blótinn

    BREGƉA (to move,

    draw)

    bregð - brá - brátt brugðu brygði brugðinn

    brenna (to burn) brenn - brann -

    brannt

    brunnu brynni brunninn

    bresta (to break) brest - brast - brustu brysti brostinn

    brjóta (to break) brýt - brjótum braut -

    brautt

    brutu bryti brotinn

    brosa (to smile) brosi - brosti - brosi brosat

    brugga (to brew) def. brugginn

    BÚA (to abide, make

    ready)

    bý - búum bjó - bjótt bjoggu bjoggi búinn, búit, búð

    bylja (to resound) def. byll - bulði -

    bysja (to gush) def. byss - busti -

    detta (to drop) dett - datt - datzt duttu dytti dottinn

    deyja (to die) dey - dó - dótt dó dœi dáinn

    DRAGA (to draw) dreg - drögum dró - drótt drógu drœgi dreginn

    drekka (to drink) drekk - drakk -

    drakkt

    drukku drykki drukkinn

    drepa (to smite, kill) drep - drap - drapt drápu dræpi drepinn

    drífa (to drive like

    spray)

    dríf - dreif - dreift drifu drifi drifinn

    dríta (cacare) drítr - dreit - dreizt dritu dritinn

    drjúpa (to drip) dryp - drjúpum draup -

    draupt

    drupu drypi dropið

    drúpa (to droop) drúpi - drúpði - (drýpði)

    drynja (to roar) drynr - drunði -

    duga (to help) dugi - dugði - dygði dugat

    dvelja (to dwell,

    delay)

    dvel - dveljum dvalði - dvölðu dvelði dvalðr, dvölð, dvalt

    dylja (to conceal) dyl - dyljum dulði - dylði dulðr, dult

    dynja (to pair) dynr - dunði - dunið

    dýja (to shake) dyr - (dúm) - dúði (dýði)

    EIGA (to own) á, átt - eigum átti - áttu &

    aóttu

    ætti áttr, átt, átzk

    erja (to ear, plough) er - erjum arði - örðu erði arðr

    eta (to eat) et - etum át - ázt átu &

    aótu

    æti etinn

    etja (to goad) et - etjum atti - öttu etti att

    falda (to fold, hood) feld - földum félt - féldu féldi faldinn

    FALLA (to fall) fell - folium féll - féllt féllu félli fallinn

    FARA (to fare, go) ferr - förum fór - fórt fóru fœri farinn

    FÁ (to fetch) fæ - fám & fékk - fékkt fengu fengi fenginn

  • faóm

    fá (to polish) fái - fáði - fánn

    fela (to hide) fel - fal - falt fálu &

    faólu

    fæli folginn

    ferja (to ferry) ferr - farði - (fórðu) farðr

    feta (to step) def. - fat - fátu

    FINNA (to find) finn - fann - fannt fundu fyndi fundinn

    físa (pedere, to fart) def. - feis -

    fjúka (to be driven by the

    wind)

    fýk - fjúkum fauk - faukt fuku fyki fokinn

    flaka (to gape) flaki - flakði - flakað

    fla (to flay) flæ - flám fló - flógu flœgi fleginn

    fletja (to slit) flet - flatti - flöttu fletti flattr, flött, flatt

    fljóta (to float) flýt - fljótum flaut - flauzt flutu flyti flotinn

    fljúga (to fly) flýg - fljúgum flaug & fló flugu flygi floginn

    flytja (to flit) flyt - flytjum flutti flytti fluttr, flutzk

    flýja (to flee) fly - flýjum fló & flýði fló flýði flyiðr, flúinn

    fregna (to ask, bear) fregn frá - frátt frágu &

    fraógu

    frægi freginn

    fremja (to further) frem - fremjum framði frömðu fremði framðr, frömð

    freta (pedere) def. frat

    frjá (to love) def. frjándi

    frjósa (to freeze) frýs - frjósum fraus frusu frysi & freri frosinn & frörinn

    frýa (to challenge) frý frýði frýð

    fyrva (to ebb) def. furði (Grág. -

    ii. - 187)

    gala (to crow) gel - gölum gól gólu gœli galið

    gana (to rush) gani ganði ganat

    GANGA (to go) geng - göngum gékk - gékkt géngu gengi gengit

    gapa (to gape) gapi gapði

    gá (to beed, mark) gái gáði gæði gáð

    GEFA (to give) gef gaf - gaft gáfu gæfi gefinn

    geta (to get, guess) get gat - gazt gátu &

    gaótu

    gæti getið & getað

    geyja (to bark) geyr gó gó gœi

    gína (to gape) gín gein ginu gini ginið

    gjalda (to pay) geld - gjöldum gait - galzt guldu gyldi goldinn

    gjalla (to yell) gell - gjöllum gall gullu gylli gollið

    gjósa (to gush) gýs - gjósum gaus gusu gysi gosinn

    gióta (to cast young) gýt gaut gutu gytí gotinn

    gleðja (to gladden) gleð - gleðjum gladdi glöddu gleddi gladdr, glödd, glatt

    glepja (to confound) glep - glepjum glapði glöpðu glepði glapðr

    glotta (to grin) glotti glotti glott

    glymja (to clash) glymr glumði glymði

    gnaga (to gnaw) def. gnegr (gnóg)

  • gnapa (to jut out) gnapi gnapði gnöpðu

    gnella (to yell) def. gnall gnullu

    gnesta (to crack) gnestr gnast gnustu

    gnúa (to rub) gný - gnúum gnöri &

    gneri

    gnöri gnúinn

    gnyðja (ío murmur) def.

    gnuddi

    gnýa (to sound) def. gnýr gnúði

    grafa (to grave, dig) gref - gröfum gróf - gróft grófu grœfi grafinn

    grata (to greet, weep) græt - grátum grét - grézt grétu gréti grátinn

    gremja (to anger,

    provoke)

    gremr gramði grömðu gremði

    grípa (to grasp) gríp greip -

    greipt

    gripu gripi gripinn

    gróa (to grow) grœ - gróm gröri &

    greri

    gröri gróinn

    grúfa (to grovel) grúfi grúfði (grýfði)

    gyggva (to quail) def. gyggvir gugginn

    GÖRA, görva, gjörva,

    gera, geyra, giora (to

    do)

    görr & göri - görði, -

    gjörði &

    gerði

    görði görr, gört, görzk

    HAFA (to have) hefi - höfum hafði höfðu hefði hafðr, höfð, haft

    HALDA (to hold) held - höldum hélt - hélzt héldu héldi haldinn

    hanga (to hang) hangi -

    höngum

    hékk - hékkt héngu héngi hanginn

    há (to vex) hái háði (hæði) háið

    HEFJA (to lift, heave,

    begin)

    hef - hefjum hóf - hóft hófu hœfi hafinn

    HEITA (to be called,

    promise)

    heit & heiti hét - hézt hétu héti heitinn

    hemja (to hem,

    restrain)

    hem hamði hamið

    heyja (to perform) hey háði (hæði) háinn

    hjálpa (to help) helpr - hjálpum halp hulpu hylpi holpinn

    hlaða (to build up) hleð - hlöðum hlóð - hlótt hlóðu hlœði hlaðinn

    hlaupa (to leap) hleyp -

    hlaupum

    hljóp -

    hljópt

    hljópu hlypi, hlœpi hlaupinn

    hljóta (to get allotted,

    must)

    hlýt - hljótum hlaut -

    hlauzt