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  • HIGHER BORO PRODUCTION FOR FOOD SECURITY: AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY

    Occasional Paper: 81

    Uttam Deb Nafisa Khaled

    Subir Kanti Bairagi Muhammad Al Amin

    Ashiqun Nabi

  • Publisher Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD) House No 40/C, Road No 11 (new), Dhanmondi R/A, Dhaka-1209 Bangladesh Tel: (880 2) 8124770, 9141703, 9141734 Fax: (880 2) 8130951 E-mail: info@cpd.org.bd Website: www.cpd.org.bd First Published August 2009 © Centre for Policy Dialogue

    Disclaimer: The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of CPD. Tk. 100

    ISSN 1818-1570 (Print), ISSN 1818-1597 (Online)

  • The Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), established in 1993, is a civil society initiative to promote an ongoing dialogue between the principal partners in the decision-making and implementing process. The dialogues are designed to address important policy issues and to seek constructive solutions to these problems. The Centre has already organised a series of such dialogues at local, regional and national levels. The CPD has also organized a number of South Asian bilateral and regional dialogues as well as some international dialogues. These dialogues have brought together ministers, opposition frontbenchers, MPs, business leaders, NGOs, donors, professionals and other functional group in civil society within a non-confrontational environment to promote focused discussions. The CPD seeks to create a national policy consciousness where members of civil society will be made aware of critical policy issues affecting their lives and will come together in support of particular policy agendas which they feel are conducive to the well being of the country. In support of the dialogue process the Centre is engaged in research programmes which are both serviced by and are intended to serve as inputs for particular dialogues organized by the Centre throughout the year. Some of the major research programmes of the CPD include The Independent Review of Bangladesh's Development (IRBD), Trade Related Research and Policy Development (TRRPD), Governance and Policy Reforms, Regional Cooperation and Integration, Investment Promotion and Enterprise Development, Agriculture and Rural Development, Environment and Natural Resources Management, and Social Sectors. The CPD also conducts periodic public perception surveys on policy issues and issues of developmental concerns. With a view to promote vision and policy awareness amongst the young people of the country, CPD is implementing a Youth Leadership Programme. Dissemination of information and knowledge on critical developmental issues continues to remain an important component of CPD’s activities. Pursuant to this CPD maintains an active publication programme, both in Bangla and in English. As part of its dissemination programme, CPD has been bringing out CPD Occasional Paper Series on a regular basis. Dialogue background papers, investigative reports and results of perception surveys which relate to issues of high public interest are published under this series. The Occasional Paper Series also include draft research papers and reports, which may be subsequently published by the CPD. The present paper titled Higher Boro Production for Food Security: an Integrated Strategy has been prepared under the CPD IRBD programme. The paper was presented at the CPD Dialogue on Boro Production: Immediate Tasks for the Newly Elected Government on 19 January 2009, at CIRDAP Auditorium, Dhaka by Uttam Deb Head, Research Division, CPD. This paper has been prepared by a team of researchers led by Uttam Deb Head, Research Division, CPD. Other members of the team are Nafisa Khaled, Senior Research Associate, CPD, Subir Kanti Bairagi, Research Associate, CPD, Muhammad Al Amin, Research Associate, CPD, and Ashiqun Nabi, Research Associate, CPD. Assistant Editor: Anisatul Fatema Yousuf, Director (Dialogue & Communication), CPD. Series Editor: Mustafizur Rahman, Executive Director, CPD.

       

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    CONTENTS   

    ACRONYMS 1. INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................ 1 2. BORO PRODUCTION TARGET: IS IT REALISTIC? ........................................................................ 2

    2.1 Reality Check for Target in Boro .................................................................................................. 3 2.2 Targets at the District Level .......................................................................................................... 5

    3. INPUT DELIVERY STRATEGY.......................................................................................................... 13

    3.1 Seed ............................................................................................................................................... 13 3.2 Fertiliser ........................................................................................................................................ 16 3.3 Irrigation........................................................................................................................................ 18 3.4 Agricultural Credit ........................................................................................................................ 31

    4. PRICING OF INPUTS, OUTPUTS AND SUBSIDY............................................................................ 32 4.1 Prices of Rice ................................................................................................................................ 32 4.2 Prices of Fertiliser ......................................................................................................................... 34 4.3 Cost of Boro Rice Production during the April-June 2009 Harvesting Season............................. 36

    5. PROCUREMENT AND PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION............................................................................. 39 5.1 Procurement Strategy .................................................................................................................... 39 5.2 Food Aid and Commercial Import ................................................................................................ 43 5.3 Designing Social Safety Net Programmes..................................................................................... 44

    6. POLICY IMPLICATIONS..................................................................................................................... 46 REFERENCES........................................................................................................................................... 49

  • LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES Tables Table 1 Targeted Boro Area and Production in FY2008-09 against Actual Area and

    Production in FY2007-08 ……………………………………………………….

    4 Table 2 District-wise Targeted Boro Rice Area (ha) in FY2008-09 as Percentage of

    Boro Rice Area in FY2007-08 ………………………………………………….

    11 Table 3 HYVs Suitable for Cultivation in the Boro Season ….………………………… 13 Table 4 Rice Hybrids Registered for Cultivation by National Seed Board:

    1998 – 2006-07 …………………………………………………………………

    15 Table 5 Demand and Supply of Boro Seed in Bangladesh ..……………………………. 16 Table 6 Supply of Fertiliser in Bangladesh …..…………………………………………. 17 Table 7 Demand for Chemical Fertilisers in Bangladesh ………………………………. 17 Table 8 Fertiliser Recommendation Dose for High Yield Goal ..………………………. 18 Table 9 Fertiliser Demand to Attain High Yield Goal: FY2008-09 ……………….…… 18 Table 10 Comparison of Administered Price of Diesel in Bangladesh and

    International Price of Crude Oil: May 2004 – January 2009 …………………..

    25 Table 11 Average Daily Rice Wage of Agricultural Labour

    (Without Food) in Bangladesh: 1990-91 – 2006-07 ……………….…………..

    34 Table 12 Projected per Acre Production Cost of Boro Rice in Bangladesh during the

    April-June 2009 Harvesting Season ……………….…………………….…….. 38

    Table 13 Import of Foodgrains by Bangladesh in FY2007-08 ……………….………….. 43 Table 14 Food Import to Bangladesh in FY2008-09 (July-24 December) ……………….. 43 Table 15 Channel-wise Distribution of Foodgrains under PFDS in Bangladesh:

    FY2008-09 (1 July- 20 November) and FY2007-08 (1 July- 22 November) …...

    44 Figures Figure 1 Distribution of Rice Area and Production across

    Rice Growing Seasons …......…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…....

    2 Figure 2 Foodgrain Production Target in FY2008-09 …...…...…...…...…...…...…........ 3 Figure 3 Trends in Area, Production and Yield of Boro Rice: 1980-81 – 2007-08 …...... 4 Figure 4 Targeted Area under Boro Rice Cultivation in

    Different Districts: FY2008-09 ..…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…...…...….....

    7 Figure 5 Changes in Target Area in FY2008-09 Compared to

    Achieved Area in FY2007-08