Gastro Intestinal Tract

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  • Gastro Intestinal Tract

    Presented By Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

    (M.D in Ayurvdic

    Medicine & M.D. in

    Ayurvedic Physiology)

    www.ayurvedicfriend.com Mobile 922 68 10 630 professordeshpande@g

    mail.com

    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 1

    http://www.ayurvedicfriend.com/

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 2 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 2

    Sharir Kriya -- Paper 1 Part B Point 5

    Presented By Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande (M.D in Ayurvdic

    Medicine & M.D. in Ayurvedic Physiology)

    www.ayurvedicfriend.com Mobile 922 68 10 630 mailme.drrrdeshpande@rediffmail.com

    http://www.ayurvedicfriend.com/

  • Sharir Kriya Paper 1-Part B Set 2

    Presented By

    Dr.R.R.Deshpande

    Prof & HOD

    CARC ,Pune 44

    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 3

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 4 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 4

    Sharir Kriya Hand Book 1st to last year BAMS

    Best for Fast Revision Paper 1,Paper 2 Practicals Instruments Histology IMP Schlok All basics of

    Dodha,Dhatu & Mala

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 5 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 5

    Sharikriya Paper Practical Book

    As per Very New Syllabus formed By CCIM IN 2012

    Ayurvedic Practicals like Prakruti,sara,Agni

    Modern Haematological Practicals

    CNS & CVS Examination

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 6 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 6

    Clinical Examination

    Systemic Examination of 8 systems

    Ayurvedic Srotas Examination

    Clinical significance of Lab Tests &

    Radiology,USG,2D

    Echo

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 7 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 7

    Sharir Kriya Paper 1

    Book in English Total CCIM Syllabus

    covered

    Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratisthan Publication

    Popular Nationwide & In Germany also

    Dosha & Prakruti

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 8 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 8

    Sharir Kriya Paper 2

    Book in English Total CCIM Syllabus

    covered

    Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratisthan Publication

    Popular Nationwide & In Germany also

    Dhatu,Mala

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 9

    Prof.Dr.Deshpandes Popular Links on Internet

    Just Start Internet on Desk top or Lap top or on your mobile . Copy Following Link &

    Paste as Web address URL http://www.youtube.com/user/deshpande1

    959

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    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 9

    http://www.youtube.com/user/deshpande1959http://www.youtube.com/user/deshpande1959http://www.slideshare.net/rajendra9a/http://www.mixcloud.com/jamdadey/

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 10

    Prof.Dr.Deshpandes Popular Links on Internet

    Just Start Internet on Desk top or Lap top or on your mobile . Copy Following Link & Paste as Web address URL

    http://professordeshpande.blogspot.in http://professordrdeshpande.blogspot.in/ http://www.mixcloud.com/rajendra-

    deshpande

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    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 10

    http://professordeshpande.blogspot.in/http://professordrdeshpande.blogspot.in/http://www.mixcloud.com/rajendra-deshpandehttp://www.mixcloud.com/rajendra-deshpandehttp://www.mixcloud.com/rajendra-deshpandehttps://soundcloud.com/professor-deshpandehttps://soundcloud.com/professor-deshpandehttps://soundcloud.com/professor-deshpande

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 11

    Digestion

    The food, after ingestion, passes along the various parts of the digestive tract ---

    Where it is converted into simple absorbable constituents.

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 12

    Digestive Tract

  • Rectum & Anus

    7/10/2016 13 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 14

    Functional anatomy of GIT

    Important parts of digestive tract 1) Oral cavity 2) Pharynx 3) Oesophagus 4) Stomach 5) Small intestine (Duodenum, Jejunum & Ileum) 6) Large intestines (Caecum, ascending colon,

    transverse colon, descending colon, iliac colon, sigmoid

    colon, rectum & anus)

    The salivary glands, liver & pancreas are also developmentally associated with alimentary canal.

  • Tongue

    7/10/2016 15 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 16

    Structure of Digestive Tract

    1) Oral cavity is lined by stratified epithelium. 2) From oesophagus onwards, the digestive

    tract on transverse section show 4 layers -

    Serous layer (outermost) Muscular layer consists of longitudinal & circular

    muscle fibers

    Submucous layer Mucous layer.

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 17

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    A tooth consists of a crown, a neck & a root.

    The crown is the portion projecting above the gum.

    The slight constriction where it is surrounded by the gum margin is the neck

    & the part buried in the alveolus of the jaw

    is the root

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 18

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    The main mass of the tooth consists of a substance called dentine, a very hard

    material which resembles bone.

    The exposed portion of the tooth is covered with a thin layer of enamel,

    which is even stronger than dentine.

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 19

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    The interior of a tooth is hollow & is called the pulp cavity.

    This contains soft connective tissue, small blood vessels & nerves, which enter the

    root of the tooth through a fine canal.

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 20

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    The teeth are firmly fixed in the alveoli of the jaw ---

    By a special calcified cement substance & a strong layer of connective tissue called

    the periodontal membrane

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 21

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    The incisor teeth have a crown consisting of a sharp cutting edge, & a single pointed root.

    The canines have a crown, which terminates in

    a point & a single root.

  • Structure & appearance of teeth

    The premolars have a single root & a crown consisting of 2 elevations or cusps

    (which explains why they are sometimes

    called bicuspids)

    The molars have a square - shaped crown with 4 cusps. The upper molars

    possess 3 roots, the lower 2 roots.

    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 22

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 23

    Structure & appearance of teeth

    The incisors are the sharp cuttings, or biting, teeth situated in front.

    To the lateral side of the incisors are the canine teeth (eye teeth), used for

    grasping.

    Behind the canines are the premolars & the molars, or grinding teeth.

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 24

    Types & Number of Teeth

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 25

    Structure of Tooth

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 26

    Shapes of Human teeth

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 27

    1) Oesophagus

    Extends from pharynx to cardiac orifice & is 2 cm. in diameter

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 28

    Stomach

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 29

    Stomach

    Stomach has a J - shaped structure.

    It communicates above with oesophagus through cardiac orifice & below with duodenum

    through pyloric orifice.

    Its main parts are fundus, body & pylorus.

  • Stomach Histology

    7/10/2016 30 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • Stomach Histology

    Slide - Serosa, muscularis (longitudinal-circular-oblique muscle layer), submucosa, mucosa, gastric pits, gastric glands, goblet cells. Serosa - Peritoneum, Submucosa - Arteries, veins, nerves; Mucosa - Simple columnar epithelium. 4 types of gastric glands Chief or Zymogenic - pepsinogen, Parietal - HCl and gastric intrinsic factor,

    Mucous - Mucus, Enteroendocrine - Stomach gastrin (Gastric pits are deeper in pyloric part)

    7/10/2016 31 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • Stomach

    The body is bound by lesser & greater curvatures.

    The lesser curvature extends from cardiac end to incisuria angularis.

    The greater curvature extends from fundus

    to pylorus

    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 32

  • 7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 33

    Small Intestine

    Extend from gastric pyloric orifice onwards up to ileo colic junction which is guarded with ileocolic

    sphincter.

    Small intestines are about 6. 5 meters in length, first 20 - 25 cm portion is formed by the

    duodenum, about 2/5 th by jejunum & 3/5th by

    ileum.

  • Small Intestine

    The duodenum & jejunum are mainly concerned with digestive processes,--

    While the main function of ileum is absorption (Hence it is richly supplied

    with villi)

    7/10/2016 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande 34

  • Small Intestine Anatomy

    7/10/2016 35 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • Small Intestine Histology

    7/10/2016 36 Prof.Dr.R.R.Deshpande

  • Histology of Small Intestine

    Slide - Serous, muscularis (Longitudinal, circular),submucos