Frédérique Willard, Agence Française de Développement –...

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Transcript of Frédérique Willard, Agence Française de Développement –...

  • Mainstreaming biodiversity in AFD strategies

    Frdrique Willard willardf@afd.fr

    3 March 2016

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    AFD is the Development Bank of France

    AFD = implementing arm of the French Official Development Aid policy

    AFD has worked for more than 70 years to alleviate poverty and foster sustainable development in the developing world (operations in more than 90 countries)

    8,3 Billion Euros committed in 2015

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    Diverse sectors of Intervention (2014)

    Development projects by sectors :

  • Learning from AFDs Past Work

    For more than 20 years: support to sustainable management of tropical rainforest (particularly in the Congo Basin) and fisheries (West Africa, Madagascar)

    From 2003 onwards: expand and improve management of protected areas (Madagascar, Mozambique, Morocco, Kenya, Central Africa) => Dedicated projects

    Biodiversity progressively recognized as a cross-cutting issue to other sectors : energy, transportation, agriculture, water management and sanitation, etc. (as for climate) => led to the development of AFD Biodiversity cross-sectoral intervention framework 2013-2016

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  • Logical Framework of AFD Biodiversity Cross-sectoral Intervention Framework

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  • 1st Objective : Biodiversity Commitments (2000 2014)

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    AFD Commitments : 160 M annually by 2015

    In 2014: 144,1 M / In 2015 : 250 M

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    2nd objective: Mainstreaming Biodiversity into development policies and practices

    Strengthen integration of biodiversity in projects and programs supported by AFD: Exclusion list and biodiversity Systematic Mainstreaming of biodiversity issues in the drawing up of

    strategic documents Ex-ante analysis of projects financed by AFD Group according to

    environment and social management risks instruments Systematic Independent Opinion provided by the Second Opinion

    department on six aspects of Sustainable Development (economic development, poverty alleviation, gender equality, biodiversity and resource management and climate change).

    Implementation, by project owners, of the best options to avoid, reduce and offset the residual impacts of projects and as possible ensure net gain of biodiversity

    Sensitize AFD project managers (100 managers trained in 5 years)

    Facilitate private investments that improve biodiversity components

  • Sustainable Development Second Opinion

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  • Main Challenges to Mainstreaming

    Stand alone biodiversity conservation projects are difficult to sell as a loan

    Projects which adopt an ecosystem approach to natural resources management (water, forest) are more in line with loan financial tool.

    AFD ESG processes are fairly rigorous : some infrastructure projects are financed by non traditional donors.

    Complementarities with Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) / Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) (WCS report : more wildlife in forest concessions than in protected areas in North Congo!)

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    Thank you

    www.afd.fr

  • Biodiversity Conservation: a key element for sustainable development

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    Mainstreaming biodiversity in AFD strategiesAFD is the Development Bank of FranceSlide Number 3Learning from AFDs Past WorkLogical Framework of AFD Biodiversity Cross-sectoral Intervention Framework 1st Objective : Biodiversity Commitments (2000 2014)2nd objective: Mainstreaming Biodiversity into development policies and practicesSustainable Development Second OpinionMain Challenges to MainstreamingSlide Number 10Biodiversity Conservation: a key element for sustainable development