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  • 8/17/2019 Aves Elga Compa Lec - Copy


    Scientific Name: Tragulus nigricans

    Common Name: Philippine Mouse-deer 

    Habitat and Geographical Description:

    The species occurs in primary and secondary lowland forest and shrubland, and may frequent mangroves and

    more open areas to forage. On current knowledge, this species is endemic to the Philippines, where it is

    known only from alabac, ugsuc and !amos "slands. "t has also been introduced to #pulit and $alauit "sland

    Feeding and Mating Behavior:

    "t is a solitary, nocturnal animal, but has on occasion been seen in pairs for short periods of time. The Philippine mouse-deer%s main diet consists of leaves, flowers, and other vegetation in the dense forest undergrowth. &uring the day, it takes shelter in the dense primary and secondary forests and avoids movement. #t sundown, it will wander into mangroves and more open areas to feed. They have also been spotted along the seashore. The Philippine mouse-deer can be classified as a r- selected species. This type of organism lives in habitats that can be described as unstable or changing. Those falling under this category will normally reach se'ual maturity at a young age.

    T. nigricans is thought to reach se'ual maturity at five months of age. !-selected species also have small body si(es and normally have shorter life spans. The mouse-deer has been estimated to live about fourteen years and usually produces one offspring per litter. Two offspring can occur, but is e'tremely rare. The gestation time ranges from )*+ to ) days.

    Scientific Name: Tarsius syrichta

    Common Name: Philippine Tarsier 

    Habitat and Geographical Description:

    Philippine tarsiers are found in areas of tall grasses, bushes, bamboo shoots, and small trees in tropical

    rainforests. They enoy the canopy of the ungle, leaping from limb to limb. Tarsiers usually do not move using

    four limbs rather, they have developed e'cellent leaping skills. Tarsius syrichta is found in the rainforests of

    the Philippines. This species is most commonly found on /amar, 0eyte, ohol, and Mindanao.

    Feeding and Mating Behavior:

    Philippine tarsiers are primarily insectivorous. They eat insects, spiders, li(ards, and small

    vertebrate animals such as birds. 1pon sei(ing its prey, a tarsier carries it in its mouth and using both hands. #s predators, these small primates may help to structure insect communities. To the

    e'tent that they are preyed upon by other animals, they may impact predator populations. These

    animals are usually seen in male-female pairs, indicating that like other tarsiers, they probably mate

    monogamously. reeding occurs throughout the year. Tarsier females bear a single young. The

    gestation period lasts si' months. !ecent research shows that the breeding season of tarsiers is

    defined by the availability of insects. 2oung are able to capture prey by about *3 days of age, and

    are thought to be weaned around that time.

    Scientific Name: Rousettus aegyptiacus

    Common Name: 4gyptian 5ruit at

    Habitat and Geographical Description:

    !ousettus aegyptiacus is found throughout #frica south of the /ahara, in 4gypt, and on the

    coastlines of the #rabian Peninsula. 4gyptian rousettes are most common from latitudes )3 degrees north through 6 degrees south. 7owever, they have been found as far as *+ degrees north in southern Turkey. They are also found on each of the $anary "slands, western 8orth #frica, and throughout the 9ulf of 9uinea

    Feeding and Mating Behavior:

    0ike the name suggests, 4gyptian fruit bats feed on large amounts of fruit. :ild dates are their

    favorite but they will consume any soft, pulpy fruit. They can also eat unripe, insect damaged fruit

    which helps them to tolerate habitats that may not have ripe fruit all year round. These bats perform

    a vital ecosystem role by pollinating the fruit trees as well as aid seed dispersal when they spit out

    the seeds of the fruit. 4gyptian fruit bats usually have a single baby each year but twins are

    occasionally born. 5emale bats carry their young at first but after awhile they will leave them at the

    roosts while they find fruit. #t 6 months old, young bats learn to fly on their own. These bats typically

    stay in the same colony that they were born in.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nocturnal http://www.batconservancy.org/index.php/discover-the-bat-center/bats-at-the-bat-center/rousettus-aegyptiacus-egyptian-rousette http://www.batconservancy.org/index.php/discover-the-bat-center/bats-at-the-bat-center/rousettus-aegyptiacus-egyptian-rousette http://www.batconservancy.org/index.php/discover-the-bat-center/bats-at-the-bat-center/rousettus-aegyptiacus-egyptian-rousette http://www.batconservancy.org/index.php/discover-the-bat-center/bats-at-the-bat-center/rousettus-aegyptiacus-egyptian-rousette http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nocturnal

  • 8/17/2019 Aves Elga Compa Lec - Copy


    Scientific Name: Bubalus nigricans

    Common Name: Tamaraw

    Habitat and Geographical Description:

    $urrently, tamaraws inhabit Mindoro%s abundant grasslands and secondary successional forests and

    can be found at 6++ to )+++ m in elevation. /ome researchers speculate that their preferred habitat

    is forest edge, providing access to forage, water, and cover. Tamaraws are found only on the island

    of Mindoro in the Philippines. #lthough fossil evidence suggests that they may also have occupied

    the island of 0u(on. The current distribution is limited to the ;,63 square kilometer island of

    Mindoro. On Mindoro, they are further restricted to three game refuges covering about

  • 8/17/2019 Aves Elga Compa Lec - Copy


  • 8/17/2019 Aves Elga Compa Lec - Copy



  • 8/17/2019 Aves Elga Compa Lec - Copy