A STUDY OF DARTER (PERCIDAE) ASSEMBLAGES IN SEVERAL ... A STUDY OF DARTER (PERCIDAE) ASSEMBLAGES IN

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  • A STUDY OF DARTER (PERCIDAE) ASSEMBLAGES IN SEVERAL TRIBUTARIES

    OF THE OTTAWA RIVER, QUÉBEC, CANADA

    Catherine Proulx

    A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies in partial

    fulfillment of the requirements for the MSc. degree in biology

    Thèse soumise à la Faculté des études supérieures et postdoctorales en vue de l’obtention de

    la maîtrise ès sciences en biologie

    Department of Biology

    Faculty of Science

    University of Ottawa

    © Catherine Proulx, Ottawa, Canada, 2014

  • ii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Abstract ........................................................................................................................................................ 1

    Résumé ......................................................................................................................................................... 2

    General Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 3

    General Methodology ................................................................................................................................. 9

    Literature Cited ........................................................................................................................................ 10

    Figure ......................................................................................................................................................... 20

    Chapter 1 – Habitat use and partitioning among five species of darters (Percidae) within four

    tributaries of the Ottawa River (Québec, Canada) ................................................................................ 21

    Abstract ................................................................................................................................................... 22

    Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 24

    Materials and Methods ............................................................................................................................ 26

    Study Area and Species ................................................................................................................. 26

    Fish Sampling ................................................................................................................................ 26

    Environmental Variables ............................................................................................................... 27

    Statistical Analyses ........................................................................................................................ 28

    Darter Inventory ............................................................................................................................. 32

    Results ..................................................................................................................................................... 33

    Fish Capture ................................................................................................................................... 33

    Habitat Availability ........................................................................................................................ 34

    Logistic Regression ........................................................................................................................ 35

    Canonical Correspondence Analysis ............................................................................................. 37

    Darter Distribution ......................................................................................................................... 38

    Discussion ............................................................................................................................................... 39

    Habitat Use .................................................................................................................................... 40

    Habitat Partitioning ........................................................................................................................ 43

    Distribution .................................................................................................................................... 44

    Acknowledgments ................................................................................................................................... 46

    Literature Cited ....................................................................................................................................... 47

    Tables ...................................................................................................................................................... 54

    Figures ..................................................................................................................................................... 62

  • iii

    Chapter 2 – Age and growth of darters (Percidae) found in four tributaries of the Ottawa River

    (Québec, Canada) ...................................................................................................................................... 72

    Abstract ................................................................................................................................................... 73

    Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 75

    Materials and Methods ............................................................................................................................ 77

    Sampling ........................................................................................................................................ 77

    Age and growth determination ....................................................................................................... 78

    Length-at-age back-calculation ...................................................................................................... 79

    Results ..................................................................................................................................................... 80

    Discussion ............................................................................................................................................... 83

    Acknowledgments ................................................................................................................................... 86

    Literature Cited ....................................................................................................................................... 87

    Tables ...................................................................................................................................................... 93

    Figures ..................................................................................................................................................... 99

    General Discussion .................................................................................................................................. 104

    Appendix A .............................................................................................................................................. 106

    Tables .................................................................................................................................................... 107

    Appendix B .............................................................................................................................................. 120

    Tables .................................................................................................................................................... 121

    Figures ................................................................................................................................................... 122

  • iv

    LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES

    General Introduction

    FIGURE 1. Darters captured within several tributaries of the Ottawa River included the (a)

    Channel Darter Percina copelandi, (b) Logperch Percina caprodes, (c) Fantail Darter

    Etheostoma flabellare and (d) Tessellated and Johnny Darters Etheostoma olmstedi and

    nigrum.

    20

    Chapter 1 – Habitat use and partitioning among five species of darters (Percidae) within four

    tributaries of the Ottawa River (Québec, Canada)

    TABLE 1. Breakdown of fish species captured in 2011 and 2012 within the four tributaries

    of the Ottawa River, Québec, Canada.

    54

    TABLE 2. Abundance (number captured) and frequency of occurrence (proportion of

    stations were the species was detected) of five species of darters sampled in 2011 and 2012.

    Sampling took place during three seasons in four tributaries of the Ottawa River, Québec,

    Canada.

    55

    TABLE 3. Tetrachoric correlation matrix for the occurrence of the Channel Darter (Percina

    copelandi), the Logperch (Percina caprodes), the Fantail Darter (Etheostoma flabellare),

    the Tessellated Darter (Etheostoma olmstedi) and the J